Contract 0x4250A6D3BD57455d7C6821eECb6206F507576cD2

Txn Hash
Block
From
To
Value [Txn Fee]
0xe5604eb7a2d3f6aa60dfc6f5275e125ee2bc9d4b78e2a29f8bfe7bbce6972c7557035782021-05-08 19:08:1911 mins ago0x2dc53210366cf4f5a61f4aabddc257d402dc1848 IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00009846594
0x1868097083948825655b6558367d4bbb2f62eb24228919c03fb5f8e68fd834d756993062021-05-08 18:18:421 hr ago0x66641d903db3bcad08d66cb222ed0a6205421ec7 IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00009846594
0xeaaf52a865e0ae3384ad98c6fc6a63235b61776dfbb2da57adb2ecb12bb59dfd56955622021-05-08 17:35:341 hr 44 mins ago0xae0d56da41765c64d29a3dac984ed1d98964de9c IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00007965365
0xa17881784049c2b70f7acc7741c2fe82a755291bf1b151b5d73f6499bebd2c8c56939752021-05-08 17:17:042 hrs 2 mins ago0x997563ba8058e80f1e4dd5b7f695b5c2b065408e IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00008061012
0x82828eebe21189e9fe5bf2e3bfbe4bbd1a7e18a37cc031aff5ceb8abded5ca0456939482021-05-08 17:16:332 hrs 3 mins ago0x997563ba8058e80f1e4dd5b7f695b5c2b065408e IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00008061012
0x6f30c2723dc86a35b4a3c67e693937f2e495a858f172e47eab46c47c8e44199356901812021-05-08 16:33:272 hrs 46 mins ago0x1cf6bff83de92a32cf0f1ed55485a0a081972be7 IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00009655398
0xbc74fbf352863d1c7c195d1a08e501db407ba31fd5ee94703835ffacb06dd7bb56867912021-05-08 15:55:063 hrs 24 mins ago0x0ec8c1a0cb0a98e42f2637085d24b80a18178b78 IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00008061012
0x676361943ee6ae03fe2e69aab6883ba572952bf2e24c24e2c6437bf3e7c0326d56851452021-05-08 15:36:133 hrs 43 mins ago0x4d4c14928f53e64eb44ab6f166263827ab58c333 IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00009655398
0xcde859d3f7fd2ce53ed636bf3a6a2525b491fcd7fa15db97556aee2b026d9d9c56688002021-05-08 12:26:266 hrs 53 mins ago0x5bd593c29ced587ee5c6a51194203b38cdb34ac6 IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00008061012
0x12699087f5e7193dc71072e1332e8d60ea72fe78c201605599f108b11ba8c6f456687832021-05-08 12:25:506 hrs 53 mins ago0x5bd593c29ced587ee5c6a51194203b38cdb34ac6 IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00009655398
0x1f31f7d6e1e9986bc13c747a1691aee464c73dbfa1fcc05739e13da97341714b56687122021-05-08 12:24:596 hrs 54 mins ago0x5bd593c29ced587ee5c6a51194203b38cdb34ac6 IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00007965365
0xffb2143b425a141bb83b2a0cbcd0a937b95d1bee82c587887cfe052046919e5756575492021-05-08 10:17:559 hrs 1 min ago0x7225e381aadfd277093f0aa231011f998b798c3b IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00009655398
0xd9f8ac514d21c59e4a9ec910fc4ef8786d9b3653e9b9038d9ada271366626d3f56320352021-05-08 5:23:1313 hrs 56 mins ago0xb1873f399df75e980ec6350d729c15791e231efc IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00009655398
0xe0b7b51ece6cc620cc0f6899da5e7b48f1d727a1fb696324838f3ee1756bb98356301792021-05-08 5:01:4714 hrs 17 mins ago0x1fafb618033fb07d3a99704a47451971976cb586 IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00019709342
0x12613405347e95d73d8b9c56bb8eb3884eb409fc351f9899f69109911c2b2ddb56291492021-05-08 4:49:2414 hrs 30 mins ago0xcf281f32faf57424fccf5db1f9574155f1557e98 IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00009655398
0x61482aa5b7f21a9675f2f1aa0820cad1a8276d6eaf79c353ed30a6276d40b06e56212242021-05-08 3:11:5416 hrs 7 mins ago0x208a902eaa36e742e5e248b545e967138df23f00 IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00009846594
0xd89ae7560ef7f3937cd7e98279679846a27db6c924b4524e04a19642d4d12ff456182072021-05-08 2:36:0416 hrs 43 mins ago0xab60ec1a43c5fcd24d2ecede83652a8a49cbb6a8 IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00009846594
0x74ecb548ba5e022f36da4b3344869bc8d81af71dda67192676b3607efd15928056123962021-05-08 1:28:4317 hrs 50 mins ago0xa61b411ca17742099efb723bf9722ddd272b3fe2 IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00009846594
0x04e2483cf830814c9d9f4e08c026de2b55beda3b33ee8c02c5ce94cc1dadf45656123542021-05-08 1:28:1117 hrs 51 mins ago0x1ac266894ac324939b8dfd31340a81d43e2e8837 IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00009846594
0x08ea4a7b75fbd8073ce87e32a8593fc19aec0422fe460994a496aed9539c97aa56121022021-05-08 1:25:1717 hrs 54 mins ago0xa61b411ca17742099efb723bf9722ddd272b3fe2 IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00008044609
0x3179e49d8c6c6c3dfd86d0cd0ef3f54f8e8a8f23cfa9866a4426ad07e28ab06256107072021-05-08 1:09:3718 hrs 9 mins ago0xa61b411ca17742099efb723bf9722ddd272b3fe2 IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00009846594
0x298a0cc54f95c3fb5b3c170436c639c2aff302f9e6f32f158f91269f371f33be56086562021-05-08 0:45:5318 hrs 33 mins ago0xa3db05c72c79d52d2d37170a342a2c21c5e5d7c0 IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00008061012
0x71c50e536f00d21f192d60b09e8e0a746407e927d048c6f3689770b37fd9f8b856068672021-05-08 0:24:2218 hrs 55 mins ago0xb9a708c67e2e13035a5feb0f1a2f9e3b625ebd62 IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00008061012
0x907d9b50c00e296bba56390f53e734738c68e74ed6e019974d13ccc3a24258d656038262021-05-07 23:48:1819 hrs 31 mins ago0xae0d56da41765c64d29a3dac984ed1d98964de9c IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00004460968
0x08798712c4b4b2b9bc9b70b78f3936cc23a5a0b189bfe75e1f4c223b384590f856031942021-05-07 23:40:5719 hrs 38 mins ago0x225157e8c41b02ee43a0bb1d1868d5e0e039b685 IN  Cream: Unitroller0 FTM0.00008061012
[ Download CSV Export 
Parent Txn Hash Block From To Value
Loading

Contract Source Code Verified (Exact Match)

Contract Name:
Unitroller

Compiler Version
v0.5.17+commit.d19bba13

Optimization Enabled:
Yes with 200 runs

Other Settings:
default evmVersion, None license
File 1 of 12 : CToken.sol
pragma solidity ^0.5.16;

import "./ComptrollerInterface.sol";
import "./CTokenInterfaces.sol";
import "./ErrorReporter.sol";
import "./Exponential.sol";
import "./EIP20Interface.sol";
import "./EIP20NonStandardInterface.sol";
import "./InterestRateModel.sol";

/**
 * @title Compound's CToken Contract
 * @notice Abstract base for CTokens
 * @author Compound
 */
contract CToken is CTokenInterface, Exponential, TokenErrorReporter {
    /**
     * @notice Initialize the money market
     * @param comptroller_ The address of the Comptroller
     * @param interestRateModel_ The address of the interest rate model
     * @param initialExchangeRateMantissa_ The initial exchange rate, scaled by 1e18
     * @param name_ EIP-20 name of this token
     * @param symbol_ EIP-20 symbol of this token
     * @param decimals_ EIP-20 decimal precision of this token
     */
    function initialize(ComptrollerInterface comptroller_,
                        InterestRateModel interestRateModel_,
                        uint initialExchangeRateMantissa_,
                        string memory name_,
                        string memory symbol_,
                        uint8 decimals_) public {
        require(msg.sender == admin, "only admin may initialize the market");
        require(accrualBlockNumber == 0 && borrowIndex == 0, "market may only be initialized once");

        // Set initial exchange rate
        initialExchangeRateMantissa = initialExchangeRateMantissa_;
        require(initialExchangeRateMantissa > 0, "initial exchange rate must be greater than zero.");

        // Set the comptroller
        uint err = _setComptroller(comptroller_);
        require(err == uint(Error.NO_ERROR), "setting comptroller failed");

        // Initialize block number and borrow index (block number mocks depend on comptroller being set)
        accrualBlockNumber = getBlockNumber();
        borrowIndex = mantissaOne;

        // Set the interest rate model (depends on block number / borrow index)
        err = _setInterestRateModelFresh(interestRateModel_);
        require(err == uint(Error.NO_ERROR), "setting interest rate model failed");

        name = name_;
        symbol = symbol_;
        decimals = decimals_;

        // The counter starts true to prevent changing it from zero to non-zero (i.e. smaller cost/refund)
        _notEntered = true;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Transfer `tokens` tokens from `src` to `dst` by `spender`
     * @dev Called by both `transfer` and `transferFrom` internally
     * @param spender The address of the account performing the transfer
     * @param src The address of the source account
     * @param dst The address of the destination account
     * @param tokens The number of tokens to transfer
     * @return Whether or not the transfer succeeded
     */
    function transferTokens(address spender, address src, address dst, uint tokens) internal returns (uint) {
        /* Fail if transfer not allowed */
        uint allowed = comptroller.transferAllowed(address(this), src, dst, tokens);
        if (allowed != 0) {
            return failOpaque(Error.COMPTROLLER_REJECTION, FailureInfo.TRANSFER_COMPTROLLER_REJECTION, allowed);
        }

        /* Do not allow self-transfers */
        if (src == dst) {
            return fail(Error.BAD_INPUT, FailureInfo.TRANSFER_NOT_ALLOWED);
        }

        /* Get the allowance, infinite for the account owner */
        uint startingAllowance = 0;
        if (spender == src) {
            startingAllowance = uint(-1);
        } else {
            startingAllowance = transferAllowances[src][spender];
        }

        /* Do the calculations, checking for {under,over}flow */
        uint allowanceNew = sub_(startingAllowance, tokens);
        uint srcTokensNew = sub_(accountTokens[src], tokens);
        uint dstTokensNew = add_(accountTokens[dst], tokens);

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        accountTokens[src] = srcTokensNew;
        accountTokens[dst] = dstTokensNew;

        /* Eat some of the allowance (if necessary) */
        if (startingAllowance != uint(-1)) {
            transferAllowances[src][spender] = allowanceNew;
        }

        /* We emit a Transfer event */
        emit Transfer(src, dst, tokens);

        comptroller.transferVerify(address(this), src, dst, tokens);

        return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `msg.sender` to `dst`
     * @param dst The address of the destination account
     * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
     * @return Whether or not the transfer succeeded
     */
    function transfer(address dst, uint256 amount) external nonReentrant returns (bool) {
        return transferTokens(msg.sender, msg.sender, dst, amount) == uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `src` to `dst`
     * @param src The address of the source account
     * @param dst The address of the destination account
     * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
     * @return Whether or not the transfer succeeded
     */
    function transferFrom(address src, address dst, uint256 amount) external nonReentrant returns (bool) {
        return transferTokens(msg.sender, src, dst, amount) == uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Approve `spender` to transfer up to `amount` from `src`
     * @dev This will overwrite the approval amount for `spender`
     *  and is subject to issues noted [here](https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-20#approve)
     * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
     * @param amount The number of tokens that are approved (-1 means infinite)
     * @return Whether or not the approval succeeded
     */
    function approve(address spender, uint256 amount) external returns (bool) {
        address src = msg.sender;
        transferAllowances[src][spender] = amount;
        emit Approval(src, spender, amount);
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get the current allowance from `owner` for `spender`
     * @param owner The address of the account which owns the tokens to be spent
     * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
     * @return The number of tokens allowed to be spent (-1 means infinite)
     */
    function allowance(address owner, address spender) external view returns (uint256) {
        return transferAllowances[owner][spender];
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get the token balance of the `owner`
     * @param owner The address of the account to query
     * @return The number of tokens owned by `owner`
     */
    function balanceOf(address owner) external view returns (uint256) {
        return accountTokens[owner];
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get the underlying balance of the `owner`
     * @dev This also accrues interest in a transaction
     * @param owner The address of the account to query
     * @return The amount of underlying owned by `owner`
     */
    function balanceOfUnderlying(address owner) external returns (uint) {
        Exp memory exchangeRate = Exp({mantissa: exchangeRateCurrent()});
        return mul_ScalarTruncate(exchangeRate, accountTokens[owner]);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get a snapshot of the account's balances, and the cached exchange rate
     * @dev This is used by comptroller to more efficiently perform liquidity checks.
     * @param account Address of the account to snapshot
     * @return (possible error, token balance, borrow balance, exchange rate mantissa)
     */
    function getAccountSnapshot(address account) external view returns (uint, uint, uint, uint) {
        uint cTokenBalance = accountTokens[account];
        uint borrowBalance = borrowBalanceStoredInternal(account);
        uint exchangeRateMantissa = exchangeRateStoredInternal();

        return (uint(Error.NO_ERROR), cTokenBalance, borrowBalance, exchangeRateMantissa);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Function to simply retrieve block number
     *  This exists mainly for inheriting test contracts to stub this result.
     */
    function getBlockNumber() internal view returns (uint) {
        return block.number;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Returns the current per-block borrow interest rate for this cToken
     * @return The borrow interest rate per block, scaled by 1e18
     */
    function borrowRatePerBlock() external view returns (uint) {
        return interestRateModel.getBorrowRate(getCashPrior(), totalBorrows, totalReserves);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Returns the current per-block supply interest rate for this cToken
     * @return The supply interest rate per block, scaled by 1e18
     */
    function supplyRatePerBlock() external view returns (uint) {
        return interestRateModel.getSupplyRate(getCashPrior(), totalBorrows, totalReserves, reserveFactorMantissa);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Returns the current total borrows plus accrued interest
     * @return The total borrows with interest
     */
    function totalBorrowsCurrent() external nonReentrant returns (uint) {
        require(accrueInterest() == uint(Error.NO_ERROR), "accrue interest failed");
        return totalBorrows;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Accrue interest to updated borrowIndex and then calculate account's borrow balance using the updated borrowIndex
     * @param account The address whose balance should be calculated after updating borrowIndex
     * @return The calculated balance
     */
    function borrowBalanceCurrent(address account) external nonReentrant returns (uint) {
        require(accrueInterest() == uint(Error.NO_ERROR), "accrue interest failed");
        return borrowBalanceStored(account);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Return the borrow balance of account based on stored data
     * @param account The address whose balance should be calculated
     * @return The calculated balance
     */
    function borrowBalanceStored(address account) public view returns (uint) {
        return borrowBalanceStoredInternal(account);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Return the borrow balance of account based on stored data
     * @param account The address whose balance should be calculated
     * @return the calculated balance or 0 if error code is non-zero
     */
    function borrowBalanceStoredInternal(address account) internal view returns (uint) {
        /* Get borrowBalance and borrowIndex */
        BorrowSnapshot storage borrowSnapshot = accountBorrows[account];

        /* If borrowBalance = 0 then borrowIndex is likely also 0.
         * Rather than failing the calculation with a division by 0, we immediately return 0 in this case.
         */
        if (borrowSnapshot.principal == 0) {
            return 0;
        }

        /* Calculate new borrow balance using the interest index:
         *  recentBorrowBalance = borrower.borrowBalance * market.borrowIndex / borrower.borrowIndex
         */
        uint principalTimesIndex = mul_(borrowSnapshot.principal, borrowIndex);
        uint result = div_(principalTimesIndex, borrowSnapshot.interestIndex);
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Accrue interest then return the up-to-date exchange rate
     * @return Calculated exchange rate scaled by 1e18
     */
    function exchangeRateCurrent() public nonReentrant returns (uint) {
        require(accrueInterest() == uint(Error.NO_ERROR), "accrue interest failed");
        return exchangeRateStored();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Calculates the exchange rate from the underlying to the CToken
     * @dev This function does not accrue interest before calculating the exchange rate
     * @return Calculated exchange rate scaled by 1e18
     */
    function exchangeRateStored() public view returns (uint) {
        return exchangeRateStoredInternal();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Calculates the exchange rate from the underlying to the CToken
     * @dev This function does not accrue interest before calculating the exchange rate
     * @return calculated exchange rate scaled by 1e18
     */
    function exchangeRateStoredInternal() internal view returns (uint) {
        uint _totalSupply = totalSupply;
        if (_totalSupply == 0) {
            /*
             * If there are no tokens minted:
             *  exchangeRate = initialExchangeRate
             */
            return initialExchangeRateMantissa;
        } else {
            /*
             * Otherwise:
             *  exchangeRate = (totalCash + totalBorrows - totalReserves) / totalSupply
             */
            uint totalCash = getCashPrior();
            uint cashPlusBorrowsMinusReserves = sub_(add_(totalCash, totalBorrows), totalReserves);
            uint exchangeRate = div_(cashPlusBorrowsMinusReserves, Exp({mantissa: _totalSupply}));
            return exchangeRate;
        }
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get cash balance of this cToken in the underlying asset
     * @return The quantity of underlying asset owned by this contract
     */
    function getCash() external view returns (uint) {
        return getCashPrior();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Applies accrued interest to total borrows and reserves
     * @dev This calculates interest accrued from the last checkpointed block
     *   up to the current block and writes new checkpoint to storage.
     */
    function accrueInterest() public returns (uint) {
        /* Remember the initial block number */
        uint currentBlockNumber = getBlockNumber();
        uint accrualBlockNumberPrior = accrualBlockNumber;

        /* Short-circuit accumulating 0 interest */
        if (accrualBlockNumberPrior == currentBlockNumber) {
            return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
        }

        /* Read the previous values out of storage */
        uint cashPrior = getCashPrior();
        uint borrowsPrior = totalBorrows;
        uint reservesPrior = totalReserves;
        uint borrowIndexPrior = borrowIndex;

        /* Calculate the current borrow interest rate */
        uint borrowRateMantissa = interestRateModel.getBorrowRate(cashPrior, borrowsPrior, reservesPrior);
        require(borrowRateMantissa <= borrowRateMaxMantissa, "borrow rate is absurdly high");

        /* Calculate the number of blocks elapsed since the last accrual */
        uint blockDelta = sub_(currentBlockNumber, accrualBlockNumberPrior);

        /*
         * Calculate the interest accumulated into borrows and reserves and the new index:
         *  simpleInterestFactor = borrowRate * blockDelta
         *  interestAccumulated = simpleInterestFactor * totalBorrows
         *  totalBorrowsNew = interestAccumulated + totalBorrows
         *  totalReservesNew = interestAccumulated * reserveFactor + totalReserves
         *  borrowIndexNew = simpleInterestFactor * borrowIndex + borrowIndex
         */

        Exp memory simpleInterestFactor = mul_(Exp({mantissa: borrowRateMantissa}), blockDelta);
        uint interestAccumulated = mul_ScalarTruncate(simpleInterestFactor, borrowsPrior);
        uint totalBorrowsNew = add_(interestAccumulated, borrowsPrior);
        uint totalReservesNew = mul_ScalarTruncateAddUInt(Exp({mantissa: reserveFactorMantissa}), interestAccumulated, reservesPrior);
        uint borrowIndexNew = mul_ScalarTruncateAddUInt(simpleInterestFactor, borrowIndexPrior, borrowIndexPrior);

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /* We write the previously calculated values into storage */
        accrualBlockNumber = currentBlockNumber;
        borrowIndex = borrowIndexNew;
        totalBorrows = totalBorrowsNew;
        totalReserves = totalReservesNew;

        /* We emit an AccrueInterest event */
        emit AccrueInterest(cashPrior, interestAccumulated, borrowIndexNew, totalBorrowsNew);

        return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender supplies assets into the market and receives cTokens in exchange
     * @dev Accrues interest whether or not the operation succeeds, unless reverted
     * @param mintAmount The amount of the underlying asset to supply
     * @return (uint, uint) An error code (0=success, otherwise a failure, see ErrorReporter.sol), and the actual mint amount.
     */
    function mintInternal(uint mintAmount) internal nonReentrant returns (uint, uint) {
        uint error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but we still want to log the fact that an attempted borrow failed
            return (fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.MINT_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED), 0);
        }
        // mintFresh emits the actual Mint event if successful and logs on errors, so we don't need to
        return mintFresh(msg.sender, mintAmount);
    }

    struct MintLocalVars {
        Error err;
        MathError mathErr;
        uint exchangeRateMantissa;
        uint mintTokens;
        uint totalSupplyNew;
        uint accountTokensNew;
        uint actualMintAmount;
    }

    /**
     * @notice User supplies assets into the market and receives cTokens in exchange
     * @dev Assumes interest has already been accrued up to the current block
     * @param minter The address of the account which is supplying the assets
     * @param mintAmount The amount of the underlying asset to supply
     * @return (uint, uint) An error code (0=success, otherwise a failure, see ErrorReporter.sol), and the actual mint amount.
     */
    function mintFresh(address minter, uint mintAmount) internal returns (uint, uint) {
        /* Fail if mint not allowed */
        uint allowed = comptroller.mintAllowed(address(this), minter, mintAmount);
        if (allowed != 0) {
            return (failOpaque(Error.COMPTROLLER_REJECTION, FailureInfo.MINT_COMPTROLLER_REJECTION, allowed), 0);
        }

        /* Verify market's block number equals current block number */
        if (accrualBlockNumber != getBlockNumber()) {
            return (fail(Error.MARKET_NOT_FRESH, FailureInfo.MINT_FRESHNESS_CHECK), 0);
        }

        MintLocalVars memory vars;

        vars.exchangeRateMantissa = exchangeRateStoredInternal();

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /*
         *  We call `doTransferIn` for the minter and the mintAmount.
         *  Note: The cToken must handle variations between ERC-20 and ETH underlying.
         *  `doTransferIn` reverts if anything goes wrong, since we can't be sure if
         *  side-effects occurred. The function returns the amount actually transferred,
         *  in case of a fee. On success, the cToken holds an additional `actualMintAmount`
         *  of cash.
         */
        vars.actualMintAmount = doTransferIn(minter, mintAmount);

        /*
         * We get the current exchange rate and calculate the number of cTokens to be minted:
         *  mintTokens = actualMintAmount / exchangeRate
         */

        vars.mintTokens = div_ScalarByExpTruncate(vars.actualMintAmount, Exp({mantissa: vars.exchangeRateMantissa}));

        /*
         * We calculate the new total supply of cTokens and minter token balance, checking for overflow:
         *  totalSupplyNew = totalSupply + mintTokens
         *  accountTokensNew = accountTokens[minter] + mintTokens
         */
        vars.totalSupplyNew = add_(totalSupply, vars.mintTokens);
        vars.accountTokensNew = add_(accountTokens[minter], vars.mintTokens);

        /* We write previously calculated values into storage */
        totalSupply = vars.totalSupplyNew;
        accountTokens[minter] = vars.accountTokensNew;

        /* We emit a Mint event, and a Transfer event */
        emit Mint(minter, vars.actualMintAmount, vars.mintTokens);
        emit Transfer(address(this), minter, vars.mintTokens);

        /* We call the defense hook */
        comptroller.mintVerify(address(this), minter, vars.actualMintAmount, vars.mintTokens);

        return (uint(Error.NO_ERROR), vars.actualMintAmount);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender redeems cTokens in exchange for the underlying asset
     * @dev Accrues interest whether or not the operation succeeds, unless reverted
     * @param redeemTokens The number of cTokens to redeem into underlying
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function redeemInternal(uint redeemTokens) internal nonReentrant returns (uint) {
        uint error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but we still want to log the fact that an attempted redeem failed
            return fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.REDEEM_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED);
        }
        // redeemFresh emits redeem-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to
        return redeemFresh(msg.sender, redeemTokens, 0);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender redeems cTokens in exchange for a specified amount of underlying asset
     * @dev Accrues interest whether or not the operation succeeds, unless reverted
     * @param redeemAmount The amount of underlying to receive from redeeming cTokens
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function redeemUnderlyingInternal(uint redeemAmount) internal nonReentrant returns (uint) {
        uint error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but we still want to log the fact that an attempted redeem failed
            return fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.REDEEM_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED);
        }
        // redeemFresh emits redeem-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to
        return redeemFresh(msg.sender, 0, redeemAmount);
    }

    struct RedeemLocalVars {
        Error err;
        MathError mathErr;
        uint exchangeRateMantissa;
        uint redeemTokens;
        uint redeemAmount;
        uint totalSupplyNew;
        uint accountTokensNew;
    }

    /**
     * @notice User redeems cTokens in exchange for the underlying asset
     * @dev Assumes interest has already been accrued up to the current block
     * @param redeemer The address of the account which is redeeming the tokens
     * @param redeemTokensIn The number of cTokens to redeem into underlying (only one of redeemTokensIn or redeemAmountIn may be non-zero)
     * @param redeemAmountIn The number of underlying tokens to receive from redeeming cTokens (only one of redeemTokensIn or redeemAmountIn may be non-zero)
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function redeemFresh(address payable redeemer, uint redeemTokensIn, uint redeemAmountIn) internal returns (uint) {
        require(redeemTokensIn == 0 || redeemAmountIn == 0, "one of redeemTokensIn or redeemAmountIn must be zero");

        RedeemLocalVars memory vars;

        /* exchangeRate = invoke Exchange Rate Stored() */
        vars.exchangeRateMantissa = exchangeRateStoredInternal();

        /* If redeemTokensIn > 0: */
        if (redeemTokensIn > 0) {
            /*
             * We calculate the exchange rate and the amount of underlying to be redeemed:
             *  redeemTokens = redeemTokensIn
             *  redeemAmount = redeemTokensIn x exchangeRateCurrent
             */
            vars.redeemTokens = redeemTokensIn;
            vars.redeemAmount = mul_ScalarTruncate(Exp({mantissa: vars.exchangeRateMantissa}), redeemTokensIn);
        } else {
            /*
             * We get the current exchange rate and calculate the amount to be redeemed:
             *  redeemTokens = redeemAmountIn / exchangeRate
             *  redeemAmount = redeemAmountIn
             */
            vars.redeemTokens = div_ScalarByExpTruncate(redeemAmountIn, Exp({mantissa: vars.exchangeRateMantissa}));
            vars.redeemAmount = redeemAmountIn;
        }

        /* Fail if redeem not allowed */
        uint allowed = comptroller.redeemAllowed(address(this), redeemer, vars.redeemTokens);
        if (allowed != 0) {
            return failOpaque(Error.COMPTROLLER_REJECTION, FailureInfo.REDEEM_COMPTROLLER_REJECTION, allowed);
        }

        /* Verify market's block number equals current block number */
        if (accrualBlockNumber != getBlockNumber()) {
            return fail(Error.MARKET_NOT_FRESH, FailureInfo.REDEEM_FRESHNESS_CHECK);
        }

        /*
         * We calculate the new total supply and redeemer balance, checking for underflow:
         *  totalSupplyNew = totalSupply - redeemTokens
         *  accountTokensNew = accountTokens[redeemer] - redeemTokens
         */
        vars.totalSupplyNew = sub_(totalSupply, vars.redeemTokens);
        vars.accountTokensNew = sub_(accountTokens[redeemer], vars.redeemTokens);

        /* Fail gracefully if protocol has insufficient cash */
        if (getCashPrior() < vars.redeemAmount) {
            return fail(Error.TOKEN_INSUFFICIENT_CASH, FailureInfo.REDEEM_TRANSFER_OUT_NOT_POSSIBLE);
        }

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /*
         * We invoke doTransferOut for the redeemer and the redeemAmount.
         *  Note: The cToken must handle variations between ERC-20 and ETH underlying.
         *  On success, the cToken has redeemAmount less of cash.
         *  doTransferOut reverts if anything goes wrong, since we can't be sure if side effects occurred.
         */
        doTransferOut(redeemer, vars.redeemAmount);

        /* We write previously calculated values into storage */
        totalSupply = vars.totalSupplyNew;
        accountTokens[redeemer] = vars.accountTokensNew;

        /* We emit a Transfer event, and a Redeem event */
        emit Transfer(redeemer, address(this), vars.redeemTokens);
        emit Redeem(redeemer, vars.redeemAmount, vars.redeemTokens);

        /* We call the defense hook */
        comptroller.redeemVerify(address(this), redeemer, vars.redeemAmount, vars.redeemTokens);

        return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
      * @notice Sender borrows assets from the protocol to their own address
      * @param borrowAmount The amount of the underlying asset to borrow
      * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
      */
    function borrowInternal(uint borrowAmount) internal nonReentrant returns (uint) {
        uint error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but we still want to log the fact that an attempted borrow failed
            return fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.BORROW_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED);
        }
        // borrowFresh emits borrow-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to
        return borrowFresh(msg.sender, borrowAmount);
    }

    struct BorrowLocalVars {
        MathError mathErr;
        uint accountBorrows;
        uint accountBorrowsNew;
        uint totalBorrowsNew;
    }

    /**
      * @notice Users borrow assets from the protocol to their own address
      * @param borrowAmount The amount of the underlying asset to borrow
      * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
      */
    function borrowFresh(address payable borrower, uint borrowAmount) internal returns (uint) {
        /* Fail if borrow not allowed */
        uint allowed = comptroller.borrowAllowed(address(this), borrower, borrowAmount);
        if (allowed != 0) {
            return failOpaque(Error.COMPTROLLER_REJECTION, FailureInfo.BORROW_COMPTROLLER_REJECTION, allowed);
        }

        /* Verify market's block number equals current block number */
        if (accrualBlockNumber != getBlockNumber()) {
            return fail(Error.MARKET_NOT_FRESH, FailureInfo.BORROW_FRESHNESS_CHECK);
        }

        /* Fail gracefully if protocol has insufficient underlying cash */
        if (getCashPrior() < borrowAmount) {
            return fail(Error.TOKEN_INSUFFICIENT_CASH, FailureInfo.BORROW_CASH_NOT_AVAILABLE);
        }

        BorrowLocalVars memory vars;

        /*
         * We calculate the new borrower and total borrow balances, failing on overflow:
         *  accountBorrowsNew = accountBorrows + borrowAmount
         *  totalBorrowsNew = totalBorrows + borrowAmount
         */
        vars.accountBorrows = borrowBalanceStoredInternal(borrower);
        vars.accountBorrowsNew = add_(vars.accountBorrows, borrowAmount);
        vars.totalBorrowsNew = add_(totalBorrows, borrowAmount);

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /*
         * We invoke doTransferOut for the borrower and the borrowAmount.
         *  Note: The cToken must handle variations between ERC-20 and ETH underlying.
         *  On success, the cToken borrowAmount less of cash.
         *  doTransferOut reverts if anything goes wrong, since we can't be sure if side effects occurred.
         */
        doTransferOut(borrower, borrowAmount);

        /* We write the previously calculated values into storage */
        accountBorrows[borrower].principal = vars.accountBorrowsNew;
        accountBorrows[borrower].interestIndex = borrowIndex;
        totalBorrows = vars.totalBorrowsNew;

        /* We emit a Borrow event */
        emit Borrow(borrower, borrowAmount, vars.accountBorrowsNew, vars.totalBorrowsNew);

        /* We call the defense hook */
        comptroller.borrowVerify(address(this), borrower, borrowAmount);

        return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender repays their own borrow
     * @param repayAmount The amount to repay
     * @return (uint, uint) An error code (0=success, otherwise a failure, see ErrorReporter.sol), and the actual repayment amount.
     */
    function repayBorrowInternal(uint repayAmount) internal nonReentrant returns (uint, uint) {
        uint error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but we still want to log the fact that an attempted borrow failed
            return (fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.REPAY_BORROW_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED), 0);
        }
        // repayBorrowFresh emits repay-borrow-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to
        return repayBorrowFresh(msg.sender, msg.sender, repayAmount);
    }

    struct RepayBorrowLocalVars {
        Error err;
        MathError mathErr;
        uint repayAmount;
        uint borrowerIndex;
        uint accountBorrows;
        uint accountBorrowsNew;
        uint totalBorrowsNew;
        uint actualRepayAmount;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Borrows are repaid by another user (possibly the borrower).
     * @param payer the account paying off the borrow
     * @param borrower the account with the debt being payed off
     * @param repayAmount the amount of undelrying tokens being returned
     * @return (uint, uint) An error code (0=success, otherwise a failure, see ErrorReporter.sol), and the actual repayment amount.
     */
    function repayBorrowFresh(address payer, address borrower, uint repayAmount) internal returns (uint, uint) {
        /* Fail if repayBorrow not allowed */
        uint allowed = comptroller.repayBorrowAllowed(address(this), payer, borrower, repayAmount);
        if (allowed != 0) {
            return (failOpaque(Error.COMPTROLLER_REJECTION, FailureInfo.REPAY_BORROW_COMPTROLLER_REJECTION, allowed), 0);
        }

        /* Verify market's block number equals current block number */
        if (accrualBlockNumber != getBlockNumber()) {
            return (fail(Error.MARKET_NOT_FRESH, FailureInfo.REPAY_BORROW_FRESHNESS_CHECK), 0);
        }

        RepayBorrowLocalVars memory vars;

        /* We remember the original borrowerIndex for verification purposes */
        vars.borrowerIndex = accountBorrows[borrower].interestIndex;

        /* We fetch the amount the borrower owes, with accumulated interest */
        vars.accountBorrows = borrowBalanceStoredInternal(borrower);

        /* If repayAmount == -1, repayAmount = accountBorrows */
        if (repayAmount == uint(-1)) {
            vars.repayAmount = vars.accountBorrows;
        } else {
            vars.repayAmount = repayAmount;
        }

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /*
         * We call doTransferIn for the payer and the repayAmount
         *  Note: The cToken must handle variations between ERC-20 and ETH underlying.
         *  On success, the cToken holds an additional repayAmount of cash.
         *  doTransferIn reverts if anything goes wrong, since we can't be sure if side effects occurred.
         *   it returns the amount actually transferred, in case of a fee.
         */
        vars.actualRepayAmount = doTransferIn(payer, vars.repayAmount);

        /*
         * We calculate the new borrower and total borrow balances, failing on underflow:
         *  accountBorrowsNew = accountBorrows - actualRepayAmount
         *  totalBorrowsNew = totalBorrows - actualRepayAmount
         */
        vars.accountBorrowsNew = sub_(vars.accountBorrows, vars.actualRepayAmount);
        vars.totalBorrowsNew = sub_(totalBorrows, vars.actualRepayAmount);

        /* We write the previously calculated values into storage */
        accountBorrows[borrower].principal = vars.accountBorrowsNew;
        accountBorrows[borrower].interestIndex = borrowIndex;
        totalBorrows = vars.totalBorrowsNew;

        /* We emit a RepayBorrow event */
        emit RepayBorrow(payer, borrower, vars.actualRepayAmount, vars.accountBorrowsNew, vars.totalBorrowsNew);

        /* We call the defense hook */
        comptroller.repayBorrowVerify(address(this), payer, borrower, vars.actualRepayAmount, vars.borrowerIndex);

        return (uint(Error.NO_ERROR), vars.actualRepayAmount);
    }

    /**
     * @notice The sender liquidates the borrowers collateral.
     *  The collateral seized is transferred to the liquidator.
     * @param borrower The borrower of this cToken to be liquidated
     * @param cTokenCollateral The market in which to seize collateral from the borrower
     * @param repayAmount The amount of the underlying borrowed asset to repay
     * @return (uint, uint) An error code (0=success, otherwise a failure, see ErrorReporter.sol), and the actual repayment amount.
     */
    function liquidateBorrowInternal(address borrower, uint repayAmount, CTokenInterface cTokenCollateral) internal nonReentrant returns (uint, uint) {
        uint error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but we still want to log the fact that an attempted liquidation failed
            return (fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_ACCRUE_BORROW_INTEREST_FAILED), 0);
        }

        error = cTokenCollateral.accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but we still want to log the fact that an attempted liquidation failed
            return (fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_ACCRUE_COLLATERAL_INTEREST_FAILED), 0);
        }

        // liquidateBorrowFresh emits borrow-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to
        return liquidateBorrowFresh(msg.sender, borrower, repayAmount, cTokenCollateral);
    }

    /**
     * @notice The liquidator liquidates the borrowers collateral.
     *  The collateral seized is transferred to the liquidator.
     * @param borrower The borrower of this cToken to be liquidated
     * @param liquidator The address repaying the borrow and seizing collateral
     * @param cTokenCollateral The market in which to seize collateral from the borrower
     * @param repayAmount The amount of the underlying borrowed asset to repay
     * @return (uint, uint) An error code (0=success, otherwise a failure, see ErrorReporter.sol), and the actual repayment amount.
     */
    function liquidateBorrowFresh(address liquidator, address borrower, uint repayAmount, CTokenInterface cTokenCollateral) internal returns (uint, uint) {
        /* Fail if liquidate not allowed */
        uint allowed = comptroller.liquidateBorrowAllowed(address(this), address(cTokenCollateral), liquidator, borrower, repayAmount);
        if (allowed != 0) {
            return (failOpaque(Error.COMPTROLLER_REJECTION, FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_COMPTROLLER_REJECTION, allowed), 0);
        }

        /* Verify market's block number equals current block number */
        if (accrualBlockNumber != getBlockNumber()) {
            return (fail(Error.MARKET_NOT_FRESH, FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_FRESHNESS_CHECK), 0);
        }

        /* Verify cTokenCollateral market's block number equals current block number */
        if (cTokenCollateral.accrualBlockNumber() != getBlockNumber()) {
            return (fail(Error.MARKET_NOT_FRESH, FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_COLLATERAL_FRESHNESS_CHECK), 0);
        }

        /* Fail if borrower = liquidator */
        if (borrower == liquidator) {
            return (fail(Error.INVALID_ACCOUNT_PAIR, FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_LIQUIDATOR_IS_BORROWER), 0);
        }

        /* Fail if repayAmount = 0 */
        if (repayAmount == 0) {
            return (fail(Error.INVALID_CLOSE_AMOUNT_REQUESTED, FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_CLOSE_AMOUNT_IS_ZERO), 0);
        }

        /* Fail if repayAmount = -1 */
        if (repayAmount == uint(-1)) {
            return (fail(Error.INVALID_CLOSE_AMOUNT_REQUESTED, FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_CLOSE_AMOUNT_IS_UINT_MAX), 0);
        }


        /* Fail if repayBorrow fails */
        (uint repayBorrowError, uint actualRepayAmount) = repayBorrowFresh(liquidator, borrower, repayAmount);
        if (repayBorrowError != uint(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            return (fail(Error(repayBorrowError), FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_REPAY_BORROW_FRESH_FAILED), 0);
        }

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /* We calculate the number of collateral tokens that will be seized */
        (uint amountSeizeError, uint seizeTokens) = comptroller.liquidateCalculateSeizeTokens(address(this), address(cTokenCollateral), actualRepayAmount);
        require(amountSeizeError == uint(Error.NO_ERROR), "LIQUIDATE_COMPTROLLER_CALCULATE_AMOUNT_SEIZE_FAILED");

        /* Revert if borrower collateral token balance < seizeTokens */
        require(cTokenCollateral.balanceOf(borrower) >= seizeTokens, "LIQUIDATE_SEIZE_TOO_MUCH");

        // If this is also the collateral, run seizeInternal to avoid re-entrancy, otherwise make an external call
        uint seizeError;
        if (address(cTokenCollateral) == address(this)) {
            seizeError = seizeInternal(address(this), liquidator, borrower, seizeTokens);
        } else {
            seizeError = cTokenCollateral.seize(liquidator, borrower, seizeTokens);
        }

        /* Revert if seize tokens fails (since we cannot be sure of side effects) */
        require(seizeError == uint(Error.NO_ERROR), "token seizure failed");

        /* We emit a LiquidateBorrow event */
        emit LiquidateBorrow(liquidator, borrower, actualRepayAmount, address(cTokenCollateral), seizeTokens);

        /* We call the defense hook */
        comptroller.liquidateBorrowVerify(address(this), address(cTokenCollateral), liquidator, borrower, actualRepayAmount, seizeTokens);

        return (uint(Error.NO_ERROR), actualRepayAmount);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Transfers collateral tokens (this market) to the liquidator.
     * @dev Will fail unless called by another cToken during the process of liquidation.
     *  Its absolutely critical to use msg.sender as the borrowed cToken and not a parameter.
     * @param liquidator The account receiving seized collateral
     * @param borrower The account having collateral seized
     * @param seizeTokens The number of cTokens to seize
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function seize(address liquidator, address borrower, uint seizeTokens) external nonReentrant returns (uint) {
        return seizeInternal(msg.sender, liquidator, borrower, seizeTokens);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Transfers collateral tokens (this market) to the liquidator.
     * @dev Called only during an in-kind liquidation, or by liquidateBorrow during the liquidation of another CToken.
     *  Its absolutely critical to use msg.sender as the seizer cToken and not a parameter.
     * @param seizerToken The contract seizing the collateral (i.e. borrowed cToken)
     * @param liquidator The account receiving seized collateral
     * @param borrower The account having collateral seized
     * @param seizeTokens The number of cTokens to seize
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function seizeInternal(address seizerToken, address liquidator, address borrower, uint seizeTokens) internal returns (uint) {
        /* Fail if seize not allowed */
        uint allowed = comptroller.seizeAllowed(address(this), seizerToken, liquidator, borrower, seizeTokens);
        if (allowed != 0) {
            return failOpaque(Error.COMPTROLLER_REJECTION, FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_SEIZE_COMPTROLLER_REJECTION, allowed);
        }

        /* Fail if borrower = liquidator */
        if (borrower == liquidator) {
            return fail(Error.INVALID_ACCOUNT_PAIR, FailureInfo.LIQUIDATE_SEIZE_LIQUIDATOR_IS_BORROWER);
        }

        /*
         * We calculate the new borrower and liquidator token balances, failing on underflow/overflow:
         *  borrowerTokensNew = accountTokens[borrower] - seizeTokens
         *  liquidatorTokensNew = accountTokens[liquidator] + seizeTokens
         */
        uint borrowerTokensNew = sub_(accountTokens[borrower], seizeTokens);
        uint liquidatorTokensNew = add_(accountTokens[liquidator], seizeTokens);

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /* We write the previously calculated values into storage */
        accountTokens[borrower] = borrowerTokensNew;
        accountTokens[liquidator] = liquidatorTokensNew;

        /* Emit a Transfer event */
        emit Transfer(borrower, liquidator, seizeTokens);

        /* We call the defense hook */
        comptroller.seizeVerify(address(this), seizerToken, liquidator, borrower, seizeTokens);

        return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }


    /*** Admin Functions ***/

    /**
      * @notice Begins transfer of admin rights. The newPendingAdmin must call `_acceptAdmin` to finalize the transfer.
      * @dev Admin function to begin change of admin. The newPendingAdmin must call `_acceptAdmin` to finalize the transfer.
      * @param newPendingAdmin New pending admin.
      * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
      */
    function _setPendingAdmin(address payable newPendingAdmin) external returns (uint) {
        // Check caller = admin
        if (msg.sender != admin) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.SET_PENDING_ADMIN_OWNER_CHECK);
        }

        // Save current value, if any, for inclusion in log
        address oldPendingAdmin = pendingAdmin;

        // Store pendingAdmin with value newPendingAdmin
        pendingAdmin = newPendingAdmin;

        // Emit NewPendingAdmin(oldPendingAdmin, newPendingAdmin)
        emit NewPendingAdmin(oldPendingAdmin, newPendingAdmin);

        return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
      * @notice Accepts transfer of admin rights. msg.sender must be pendingAdmin
      * @dev Admin function for pending admin to accept role and update admin
      * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
      */
    function _acceptAdmin() external returns (uint) {
        // Check caller is pendingAdmin and pendingAdmin ≠ address(0)
        if (msg.sender != pendingAdmin || msg.sender == address(0)) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.ACCEPT_ADMIN_PENDING_ADMIN_CHECK);
        }

        // Save current values for inclusion in log
        address oldAdmin = admin;
        address oldPendingAdmin = pendingAdmin;

        // Store admin with value pendingAdmin
        admin = pendingAdmin;

        // Clear the pending value
        pendingAdmin = address(0);

        emit NewAdmin(oldAdmin, admin);
        emit NewPendingAdmin(oldPendingAdmin, pendingAdmin);

        return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
      * @notice Sets a new comptroller for the market
      * @dev Admin function to set a new comptroller
      * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
      */
    function _setComptroller(ComptrollerInterface newComptroller) public returns (uint) {
        // Check caller is admin
        if (msg.sender != admin) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.SET_COMPTROLLER_OWNER_CHECK);
        }

        ComptrollerInterface oldComptroller = comptroller;
        // Ensure invoke comptroller.isComptroller() returns true
        require(newComptroller.isComptroller(), "marker method returned false");

        // Set market's comptroller to newComptroller
        comptroller = newComptroller;

        // Emit NewComptroller(oldComptroller, newComptroller)
        emit NewComptroller(oldComptroller, newComptroller);

        return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
      * @notice accrues interest and sets a new reserve factor for the protocol using _setReserveFactorFresh
      * @dev Admin function to accrue interest and set a new reserve factor
      * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
      */
    function _setReserveFactor(uint newReserveFactorMantissa) external nonReentrant returns (uint) {
        uint error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but on top of that we want to log the fact that an attempted reserve factor change failed.
            return fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.SET_RESERVE_FACTOR_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED);
        }
        // _setReserveFactorFresh emits reserve-factor-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to.
        return _setReserveFactorFresh(newReserveFactorMantissa);
    }

    /**
      * @notice Sets a new reserve factor for the protocol (*requires fresh interest accrual)
      * @dev Admin function to set a new reserve factor
      * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
      */
    function _setReserveFactorFresh(uint newReserveFactorMantissa) internal returns (uint) {
        // Check caller is admin
        if (msg.sender != admin) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.SET_RESERVE_FACTOR_ADMIN_CHECK);
        }

        // Verify market's block number equals current block number
        if (accrualBlockNumber != getBlockNumber()) {
            return fail(Error.MARKET_NOT_FRESH, FailureInfo.SET_RESERVE_FACTOR_FRESH_CHECK);
        }

        // Check newReserveFactor ≤ maxReserveFactor
        if (newReserveFactorMantissa > reserveFactorMaxMantissa) {
            return fail(Error.BAD_INPUT, FailureInfo.SET_RESERVE_FACTOR_BOUNDS_CHECK);
        }

        uint oldReserveFactorMantissa = reserveFactorMantissa;
        reserveFactorMantissa = newReserveFactorMantissa;

        emit NewReserveFactor(oldReserveFactorMantissa, newReserveFactorMantissa);

        return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Accrues interest and reduces reserves by transferring from msg.sender
     * @param addAmount Amount of addition to reserves
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _addReservesInternal(uint addAmount) internal nonReentrant returns (uint) {
        uint error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but on top of that we want to log the fact that an attempted reduce reserves failed.
            return fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.ADD_RESERVES_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED);
        }

        // _addReservesFresh emits reserve-addition-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to.
        (error, ) = _addReservesFresh(addAmount);
        return error;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Add reserves by transferring from caller
     * @dev Requires fresh interest accrual
     * @param addAmount Amount of addition to reserves
     * @return (uint, uint) An error code (0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)) and the actual amount added, net token fees
     */
    function _addReservesFresh(uint addAmount) internal returns (uint, uint) {
        // totalReserves + actualAddAmount
        uint totalReservesNew;
        uint actualAddAmount;

        // We fail gracefully unless market's block number equals current block number
        if (accrualBlockNumber != getBlockNumber()) {
            return (fail(Error.MARKET_NOT_FRESH, FailureInfo.ADD_RESERVES_FRESH_CHECK), actualAddAmount);
        }

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /*
         * We call doTransferIn for the caller and the addAmount
         *  Note: The cToken must handle variations between ERC-20 and ETH underlying.
         *  On success, the cToken holds an additional addAmount of cash.
         *  doTransferIn reverts if anything goes wrong, since we can't be sure if side effects occurred.
         *  it returns the amount actually transferred, in case of a fee.
         */

        actualAddAmount = doTransferIn(msg.sender, addAmount);

        totalReservesNew = add_(totalReserves, actualAddAmount);

        // Store reserves[n+1] = reserves[n] + actualAddAmount
        totalReserves = totalReservesNew;

        /* Emit NewReserves(admin, actualAddAmount, reserves[n+1]) */
        emit ReservesAdded(msg.sender, actualAddAmount, totalReservesNew);

        /* Return (NO_ERROR, actualAddAmount) */
        return (uint(Error.NO_ERROR), actualAddAmount);
    }


    /**
     * @notice Accrues interest and reduces reserves by transferring to admin
     * @param reduceAmount Amount of reduction to reserves
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _reduceReserves(uint reduceAmount) external nonReentrant returns (uint) {
        uint error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but on top of that we want to log the fact that an attempted reduce reserves failed.
            return fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.REDUCE_RESERVES_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED);
        }
        // _reduceReservesFresh emits reserve-reduction-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to.
        return _reduceReservesFresh(reduceAmount);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Reduces reserves by transferring to admin
     * @dev Requires fresh interest accrual
     * @param reduceAmount Amount of reduction to reserves
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _reduceReservesFresh(uint reduceAmount) internal returns (uint) {
        // totalReserves - reduceAmount
        uint totalReservesNew;

        // Check caller is admin
        if (msg.sender != admin) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.REDUCE_RESERVES_ADMIN_CHECK);
        }

        // We fail gracefully unless market's block number equals current block number
        if (accrualBlockNumber != getBlockNumber()) {
            return fail(Error.MARKET_NOT_FRESH, FailureInfo.REDUCE_RESERVES_FRESH_CHECK);
        }

        // Fail gracefully if protocol has insufficient underlying cash
        if (getCashPrior() < reduceAmount) {
            return fail(Error.TOKEN_INSUFFICIENT_CASH, FailureInfo.REDUCE_RESERVES_CASH_NOT_AVAILABLE);
        }

        // Check reduceAmount ≤ reserves[n] (totalReserves)
        if (reduceAmount > totalReserves) {
            return fail(Error.BAD_INPUT, FailureInfo.REDUCE_RESERVES_VALIDATION);
        }

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        totalReservesNew = sub_(totalReserves, reduceAmount);

        // Store reserves[n+1] = reserves[n] - reduceAmount
        totalReserves = totalReservesNew;

        // doTransferOut reverts if anything goes wrong, since we can't be sure if side effects occurred.
        doTransferOut(admin, reduceAmount);

        emit ReservesReduced(admin, reduceAmount, totalReservesNew);

        return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
     * @notice accrues interest and updates the interest rate model using _setInterestRateModelFresh
     * @dev Admin function to accrue interest and update the interest rate model
     * @param newInterestRateModel the new interest rate model to use
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _setInterestRateModel(InterestRateModel newInterestRateModel) public returns (uint) {
        uint error = accrueInterest();
        if (error != uint(Error.NO_ERROR)) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but on top of that we want to log the fact that an attempted change of interest rate model failed
            return fail(Error(error), FailureInfo.SET_INTEREST_RATE_MODEL_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED);
        }
        // _setInterestRateModelFresh emits interest-rate-model-update-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to.
        return _setInterestRateModelFresh(newInterestRateModel);
    }

    /**
     * @notice updates the interest rate model (*requires fresh interest accrual)
     * @dev Admin function to update the interest rate model
     * @param newInterestRateModel the new interest rate model to use
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _setInterestRateModelFresh(InterestRateModel newInterestRateModel) internal returns (uint) {

        // Used to store old model for use in the event that is emitted on success
        InterestRateModel oldInterestRateModel;

        // Check caller is admin
        if (msg.sender != admin) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.SET_INTEREST_RATE_MODEL_OWNER_CHECK);
        }

        // We fail gracefully unless market's block number equals current block number
        if (accrualBlockNumber != getBlockNumber()) {
            return fail(Error.MARKET_NOT_FRESH, FailureInfo.SET_INTEREST_RATE_MODEL_FRESH_CHECK);
        }

        // Track the market's current interest rate model
        oldInterestRateModel = interestRateModel;

        // Ensure invoke newInterestRateModel.isInterestRateModel() returns true
        require(newInterestRateModel.isInterestRateModel(), "marker method returned false");

        // Set the interest rate model to newInterestRateModel
        interestRateModel = newInterestRateModel;

        // Emit NewMarketInterestRateModel(oldInterestRateModel, newInterestRateModel)
        emit NewMarketInterestRateModel(oldInterestRateModel, newInterestRateModel);

        return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /*** Safe Token ***/

    /**
     * @notice Gets balance of this contract in terms of the underlying
     * @dev This excludes the value of the current message, if any
     * @return The quantity of underlying owned by this contract
     */
    function getCashPrior() internal view returns (uint);

    /**
     * @dev Performs a transfer in, reverting upon failure. Returns the amount actually transferred to the protocol, in case of a fee.
     *  This may revert due to insufficient balance or insufficient allowance.
     */
    function doTransferIn(address from, uint amount) internal returns (uint);

    /**
     * @dev Performs a transfer out, ideally returning an explanatory error code upon failure tather than reverting.
     *  If caller has not called checked protocol's balance, may revert due to insufficient cash held in the contract.
     *  If caller has checked protocol's balance, and verified it is >= amount, this should not revert in normal conditions.
     */
    function doTransferOut(address payable to, uint amount) internal;


    /*** Reentrancy Guard ***/

    /**
     * @dev Prevents a contract from calling itself, directly or indirectly.
     */
    modifier nonReentrant() {
        require(_notEntered, "re-entered");
        _notEntered = false;
        _;
        _notEntered = true; // get a gas-refund post-Istanbul
    }
}

File 2 of 12 : CTokenInterfaces.sol
pragma solidity ^0.5.16;

import "./ComptrollerInterface.sol";
import "./InterestRateModel.sol";

contract CTokenStorage {
    /**
     * @dev Guard variable for re-entrancy checks
     */
    bool internal _notEntered;

    /**
     * @notice EIP-20 token name for this token
     */
    string public name;

    /**
     * @notice EIP-20 token symbol for this token
     */
    string public symbol;

    /**
     * @notice EIP-20 token decimals for this token
     */
    uint8 public decimals;

    /**
     * @notice Maximum borrow rate that can ever be applied (.0005% / block)
     */

    uint internal constant borrowRateMaxMantissa = 0.0005e16;

    /**
     * @notice Maximum fraction of interest that can be set aside for reserves
     */
    uint internal constant reserveFactorMaxMantissa = 1e18;

    /**
     * @notice Administrator for this contract
     */
    address payable public admin;

    /**
     * @notice Pending administrator for this contract
     */
    address payable public pendingAdmin;

    /**
     * @notice Contract which oversees inter-cToken operations
     */
    ComptrollerInterface public comptroller;

    /**
     * @notice Model which tells what the current interest rate should be
     */
    InterestRateModel public interestRateModel;

    /**
     * @notice Initial exchange rate used when minting the first CTokens (used when totalSupply = 0)
     */
    uint internal initialExchangeRateMantissa;

    /**
     * @notice Fraction of interest currently set aside for reserves
     */
    uint public reserveFactorMantissa;

    /**
     * @notice Block number that interest was last accrued at
     */
    uint public accrualBlockNumber;

    /**
     * @notice Accumulator of the total earned interest rate since the opening of the market
     */
    uint public borrowIndex;

    /**
     * @notice Total amount of outstanding borrows of the underlying in this market
     */
    uint public totalBorrows;

    /**
     * @notice Total amount of reserves of the underlying held in this market
     */
    uint public totalReserves;

    /**
     * @notice Total number of tokens in circulation
     */
    uint public totalSupply;

    /**
     * @notice Official record of token balances for each account
     */
    mapping (address => uint) internal accountTokens;

    /**
     * @notice Approved token transfer amounts on behalf of others
     */
    mapping (address => mapping (address => uint)) internal transferAllowances;

    /**
     * @notice Container for borrow balance information
     * @member principal Total balance (with accrued interest), after applying the most recent balance-changing action
     * @member interestIndex Global borrowIndex as of the most recent balance-changing action
     */
    struct BorrowSnapshot {
        uint principal;
        uint interestIndex;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Mapping of account addresses to outstanding borrow balances
     */
    mapping(address => BorrowSnapshot) internal accountBorrows;
}

contract CTokenInterface is CTokenStorage {
    /**
     * @notice Indicator that this is a CToken contract (for inspection)
     */
    bool public constant isCToken = true;


    /*** Market Events ***/

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when interest is accrued
     */
    event AccrueInterest(uint cashPrior, uint interestAccumulated, uint borrowIndex, uint totalBorrows);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when tokens are minted
     */
    event Mint(address minter, uint mintAmount, uint mintTokens);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when tokens are redeemed
     */
    event Redeem(address redeemer, uint redeemAmount, uint redeemTokens);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when underlying is borrowed
     */
    event Borrow(address borrower, uint borrowAmount, uint accountBorrows, uint totalBorrows);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when a borrow is repaid
     */
    event RepayBorrow(address payer, address borrower, uint repayAmount, uint accountBorrows, uint totalBorrows);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when a borrow is liquidated
     */
    event LiquidateBorrow(address liquidator, address borrower, uint repayAmount, address cTokenCollateral, uint seizeTokens);


    /*** Admin Events ***/

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when pendingAdmin is changed
     */
    event NewPendingAdmin(address oldPendingAdmin, address newPendingAdmin);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when pendingAdmin is accepted, which means admin is updated
     */
    event NewAdmin(address oldAdmin, address newAdmin);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when comptroller is changed
     */
    event NewComptroller(ComptrollerInterface oldComptroller, ComptrollerInterface newComptroller);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when interestRateModel is changed
     */
    event NewMarketInterestRateModel(InterestRateModel oldInterestRateModel, InterestRateModel newInterestRateModel);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when the reserve factor is changed
     */
    event NewReserveFactor(uint oldReserveFactorMantissa, uint newReserveFactorMantissa);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when the reserves are added
     */
    event ReservesAdded(address benefactor, uint addAmount, uint newTotalReserves);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when the reserves are reduced
     */
    event ReservesReduced(address admin, uint reduceAmount, uint newTotalReserves);

    /**
     * @notice EIP20 Transfer event
     */
    event Transfer(address indexed from, address indexed to, uint amount);

    /**
     * @notice EIP20 Approval event
     */
    event Approval(address indexed owner, address indexed spender, uint amount);

    /**
     * @notice Failure event
     */
    event Failure(uint error, uint info, uint detail);


    /*** User Interface ***/

    function transfer(address dst, uint amount) external returns (bool);
    function transferFrom(address src, address dst, uint amount) external returns (bool);
    function approve(address spender, uint amount) external returns (bool);
    function allowance(address owner, address spender) external view returns (uint);
    function balanceOf(address owner) external view returns (uint);
    function balanceOfUnderlying(address owner) external returns (uint);
    function getAccountSnapshot(address account) external view returns (uint, uint, uint, uint);
    function borrowRatePerBlock() external view returns (uint);
    function supplyRatePerBlock() external view returns (uint);
    function totalBorrowsCurrent() external returns (uint);
    function borrowBalanceCurrent(address account) external returns (uint);
    function borrowBalanceStored(address account) public view returns (uint);
    function exchangeRateCurrent() public returns (uint);
    function exchangeRateStored() public view returns (uint);
    function getCash() external view returns (uint);
    function accrueInterest() public returns (uint);
    function seize(address liquidator, address borrower, uint seizeTokens) external returns (uint);


    /*** Admin Functions ***/

    function _setPendingAdmin(address payable newPendingAdmin) external returns (uint);
    function _acceptAdmin() external returns (uint);
    function _setComptroller(ComptrollerInterface newComptroller) public returns (uint);
    function _setReserveFactor(uint newReserveFactorMantissa) external returns (uint);
    function _reduceReserves(uint reduceAmount) external returns (uint);
    function _setInterestRateModel(InterestRateModel newInterestRateModel) public returns (uint);
}

contract CErc20Storage {
    /**
     * @notice Underlying asset for this CToken
     */
    address public underlying;
}

contract CErc20Interface is CErc20Storage {

    /*** User Interface ***/

    function mint(uint mintAmount) external returns (uint);
    function redeem(uint redeemTokens) external returns (uint);
    function redeemUnderlying(uint redeemAmount) external returns (uint);
    function borrow(uint borrowAmount) external returns (uint);
    function repayBorrow(uint repayAmount) external returns (uint);
    function liquidateBorrow(address borrower, uint repayAmount, CTokenInterface cTokenCollateral) external returns (uint);

    /*** Admin Functions ***/

    function _addReserves(uint addAmount) external returns (uint);
}

contract CCapableErc20Interface is CErc20Storage {

    /*** User Interface ***/

    function mint(uint mintAmount) external returns (uint);
    function redeem(uint redeemTokens) external returns (uint);
    function redeemUnderlying(uint redeemAmount) external returns (uint);
    function borrow(uint borrowAmount) external returns (uint);
    function repayBorrow(uint repayAmount) external returns (uint);
    function liquidateBorrow(address borrower, uint repayAmount, CTokenInterface cTokenCollateral) external returns (uint);
    function gulp() external;

    /*** Admin Functions ***/

    function _addReserves(uint addAmount) external returns (uint);
}

contract CDelegationStorage {
    /**
     * @notice Implementation address for this contract
     */
    address public implementation;
}

contract CDelegationStorageExtension is CDelegationStorage {
    /**
     * @notice Internal cash counter for this CToken. Should equal underlying.balanceOf(address(this)) for CERC20.
     */
    uint256 public internalCash;
}

contract CDelegatorInterface is CDelegationStorage {
    /**
     * @notice Emitted when implementation is changed
     */
    event NewImplementation(address oldImplementation, address newImplementation);

    /**
     * @notice Called by the admin to update the implementation of the delegator
     * @param implementation_ The address of the new implementation for delegation
     * @param allowResign Flag to indicate whether to call _resignImplementation on the old implementation
     * @param becomeImplementationData The encoded bytes data to be passed to _becomeImplementation
     */
    function _setImplementation(address implementation_, bool allowResign, bytes memory becomeImplementationData) public;
}

contract CDelegateInterface is CDelegationStorage {
    /**
     * @notice Called by the delegator on a delegate to initialize it for duty
     * @dev Should revert if any issues arise which make it unfit for delegation
     * @param data The encoded bytes data for any initialization
     */
    function _becomeImplementation(bytes memory data) public;

    /**
     * @notice Called by the delegator on a delegate to forfeit its responsibility
     */
    function _resignImplementation() public;
}

contract CCapableDelegateInterface is CDelegationStorageExtension {
    /**
     * @notice Called by the delegator on a delegate to initialize it for duty
     * @dev Should revert if any issues arise which make it unfit for delegation
     * @param data The encoded bytes data for any initialization
     */
    function _becomeImplementation(bytes memory data) public;

    /**
     * @notice Called by the delegator on a delegate to forfeit its responsibility
     */
    function _resignImplementation() public;
}

File 3 of 12 : CarefulMath.sol
pragma solidity ^0.5.16;

/**
  * @title Careful Math
  * @author Compound
  * @notice Derived from OpenZeppelin's SafeMath library
  *         https://github.com/OpenZeppelin/openzeppelin-solidity/blob/master/contracts/math/SafeMath.sol
  */
contract CarefulMath {

    /**
     * @dev Possible error codes that we can return
     */
    enum MathError {
        NO_ERROR,
        DIVISION_BY_ZERO,
        INTEGER_OVERFLOW,
        INTEGER_UNDERFLOW
    }

    /**
    * @dev Multiplies two numbers, returns an error on overflow.
    */
    function mulUInt(uint a, uint b) internal pure returns (MathError, uint) {
        if (a == 0) {
            return (MathError.NO_ERROR, 0);
        }

        uint c = a * b;

        if (c / a != b) {
            return (MathError.INTEGER_OVERFLOW, 0);
        } else {
            return (MathError.NO_ERROR, c);
        }
    }

    /**
    * @dev Integer division of two numbers, truncating the quotient.
    */
    function divUInt(uint a, uint b) internal pure returns (MathError, uint) {
        if (b == 0) {
            return (MathError.DIVISION_BY_ZERO, 0);
        }

        return (MathError.NO_ERROR, a / b);
    }

    /**
    * @dev Subtracts two numbers, returns an error on overflow (i.e. if subtrahend is greater than minuend).
    */
    function subUInt(uint a, uint b) internal pure returns (MathError, uint) {
        if (b <= a) {
            return (MathError.NO_ERROR, a - b);
        } else {
            return (MathError.INTEGER_UNDERFLOW, 0);
        }
    }

    /**
    * @dev Adds two numbers, returns an error on overflow.
    */
    function addUInt(uint a, uint b) internal pure returns (MathError, uint) {
        uint c = a + b;

        if (c >= a) {
            return (MathError.NO_ERROR, c);
        } else {
            return (MathError.INTEGER_OVERFLOW, 0);
        }
    }

    /**
    * @dev add a and b and then subtract c
    */
    function addThenSubUInt(uint a, uint b, uint c) internal pure returns (MathError, uint) {
        (MathError err0, uint sum) = addUInt(a, b);

        if (err0 != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err0, 0);
        }

        return subUInt(sum, c);
    }
}

File 4 of 12 : ComptrollerInterface.sol
pragma solidity ^0.5.16;

contract ComptrollerInterface {
    /// @notice Indicator that this is a Comptroller contract (for inspection)
    bool public constant isComptroller = true;

    /*** Assets You Are In ***/

    function enterMarkets(address[] calldata cTokens) external returns (uint[] memory);
    function exitMarket(address cToken) external returns (uint);

    /*** Policy Hooks ***/

    function mintAllowed(address cToken, address minter, uint mintAmount) external returns (uint);
    function mintVerify(address cToken, address minter, uint mintAmount, uint mintTokens) external;

    function redeemAllowed(address cToken, address redeemer, uint redeemTokens) external returns (uint);
    function redeemVerify(address cToken, address redeemer, uint redeemAmount, uint redeemTokens) external;

    function borrowAllowed(address cToken, address borrower, uint borrowAmount) external returns (uint);
    function borrowVerify(address cToken, address borrower, uint borrowAmount) external;

    function repayBorrowAllowed(
        address cToken,
        address payer,
        address borrower,
        uint repayAmount) external returns (uint);
    function repayBorrowVerify(
        address cToken,
        address payer,
        address borrower,
        uint repayAmount,
        uint borrowerIndex) external;

    function liquidateBorrowAllowed(
        address cTokenBorrowed,
        address cTokenCollateral,
        address liquidator,
        address borrower,
        uint repayAmount) external returns (uint);
    function liquidateBorrowVerify(
        address cTokenBorrowed,
        address cTokenCollateral,
        address liquidator,
        address borrower,
        uint repayAmount,
        uint seizeTokens) external;

    function seizeAllowed(
        address cTokenCollateral,
        address cTokenBorrowed,
        address liquidator,
        address borrower,
        uint seizeTokens) external returns (uint);
    function seizeVerify(
        address cTokenCollateral,
        address cTokenBorrowed,
        address liquidator,
        address borrower,
        uint seizeTokens) external;

    function transferAllowed(address cToken, address src, address dst, uint transferTokens) external returns (uint);
    function transferVerify(address cToken, address src, address dst, uint transferTokens) external;

    /*** Liquidity/Liquidation Calculations ***/

    function liquidateCalculateSeizeTokens(
        address cTokenBorrowed,
        address cTokenCollateral,
        uint repayAmount) external view returns (uint, uint);
}

File 5 of 12 : ComptrollerStorage.sol
pragma solidity ^0.5.16;

import "./CToken.sol";
import "./PriceOracle.sol";

contract UnitrollerAdminStorage {
    /**
    * @notice Administrator for this contract
    */
    address public admin;

    /**
    * @notice Pending administrator for this contract
    */
    address public pendingAdmin;

    /**
    * @notice Active brains of Unitroller
    */
    address public comptrollerImplementation;

    /**
    * @notice Pending brains of Unitroller
    */
    address public pendingComptrollerImplementation;
}

contract ComptrollerV1Storage is UnitrollerAdminStorage {

    /**
     * @notice Oracle which gives the price of any given asset
     */
    PriceOracle public oracle;

    /**
     * @notice Multiplier used to calculate the maximum repayAmount when liquidating a borrow
     */
    uint public closeFactorMantissa;

    /**
     * @notice Multiplier representing the discount on collateral that a liquidator receives
     */
    uint public liquidationIncentiveMantissa;

    /**
     * @notice Per-account mapping of "assets you are in"
     */
    mapping(address => CToken[]) public accountAssets;

    struct Market {
        /// @notice Whether or not this market is listed
        bool isListed;

        /**
         * @notice Multiplier representing the most one can borrow against their collateral in this market.
         *  For instance, 0.9 to allow borrowing 90% of collateral value.
         *  Must be between 0 and 1, and stored as a mantissa.
         */
        uint collateralFactorMantissa;

        /// @notice Per-market mapping of "accounts in this asset"
        mapping(address => bool) accountMembership;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Official mapping of cTokens -> Market metadata
     * @dev Used e.g. to determine if a market is supported
     */
    mapping(address => Market) public markets;

    /**
     * @notice The Pause Guardian can pause certain actions as a safety mechanism.
     *  Actions which allow users to remove their own assets cannot be paused.
     *  Liquidation / seizing / transfer can only be paused globally, not by market.
     */
    address public pauseGuardian;
    bool public _mintGuardianPaused;
    bool public _borrowGuardianPaused;
    bool public transferGuardianPaused;
    bool public seizeGuardianPaused;
    mapping(address => bool) public mintGuardianPaused;
    mapping(address => bool) public borrowGuardianPaused;

    struct CompMarketState {
        /// @notice The market's last updated compBorrowIndex or compSupplyIndex
        uint224 index;

        /// @notice The block number the index was last updated at
        uint32 block;
    }

    /// @notice A list of all markets
    CToken[] public allMarkets;

    /// @notice The portion of compRate that each market currently receives
    mapping(address => uint) public compSpeeds;

    /// @notice The COMP market supply state for each market
    mapping(address => CompMarketState) public compSupplyState;

    /// @notice The COMP market borrow state for each market
    mapping(address => CompMarketState) public compBorrowState;

    /// @notice The COMP borrow index for each market for each supplier as of the last time they accrued COMP
    mapping(address => mapping(address => uint)) public compSupplierIndex;

    /// @notice The COMP borrow index for each market for each borrower as of the last time they accrued COMP
    mapping(address => mapping(address => uint)) public compBorrowerIndex;

    /// @notice The COMP accrued but not yet transferred to each user
    mapping(address => uint) public compAccrued;

    // @notice The borrowCapGuardian can set borrowCaps to any number for any market. Lowering the borrow cap could disable borrowing on the given market.
    address public borrowCapGuardian;

    // @notice Borrow caps enforced by borrowAllowed for each cToken address. Defaults to zero which corresponds to unlimited borrowing.
    mapping(address => uint) public borrowCaps;

    // @notice The supplyCapGuardian can set supplyCaps to any number for any market. Lowering the supply cap could disable supplying to the given market.
    address public supplyCapGuardian;

    // @notice Supply caps enforced by mintAllowed for each cToken address. Defaults to zero which corresponds to unlimited supplying.
    mapping(address => uint) public supplyCaps;

    // @notice creditLimits allowed specific protocols to borrow and repay without collateral.
    mapping(address => uint) public creditLimits;
}

File 6 of 12 : EIP20Interface.sol
pragma solidity ^0.5.16;

/**
 * @title ERC 20 Token Standard Interface
 *  https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-20
 */
interface EIP20Interface {
    function name() external view returns (string memory);
    function symbol() external view returns (string memory);
    function decimals() external view returns (uint8);

    /**
      * @notice Get the total number of tokens in circulation
      * @return The supply of tokens
      */
    function totalSupply() external view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @notice Gets the balance of the specified address
     * @param owner The address from which the balance will be retrieved
     * @return The balance
     */
    function balanceOf(address owner) external view returns (uint256 balance);

    /**
      * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `msg.sender` to `dst`
      * @param dst The address of the destination account
      * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
      * @return Whether or not the transfer succeeded
      */
    function transfer(address dst, uint256 amount) external returns (bool success);

    /**
      * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `src` to `dst`
      * @param src The address of the source account
      * @param dst The address of the destination account
      * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
      * @return Whether or not the transfer succeeded
      */
    function transferFrom(address src, address dst, uint256 amount) external returns (bool success);

    /**
      * @notice Approve `spender` to transfer up to `amount` from `src`
      * @dev This will overwrite the approval amount for `spender`
      *  and is subject to issues noted [here](https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-20#approve)
      * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
      * @param amount The number of tokens that are approved (-1 means infinite)
      * @return Whether or not the approval succeeded
      */
    function approve(address spender, uint256 amount) external returns (bool success);

    /**
      * @notice Get the current allowance from `owner` for `spender`
      * @param owner The address of the account which owns the tokens to be spent
      * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
      * @return The number of tokens allowed to be spent (-1 means infinite)
      */
    function allowance(address owner, address spender) external view returns (uint256 remaining);

    event Transfer(address indexed from, address indexed to, uint256 amount);
    event Approval(address indexed owner, address indexed spender, uint256 amount);
}

File 7 of 12 : EIP20NonStandardInterface.sol
pragma solidity ^0.5.16;

/**
 * @title EIP20NonStandardInterface
 * @dev Version of ERC20 with no return values for `transfer` and `transferFrom`
 *  See https://medium.com/coinmonks/missing-return-value-bug-at-least-130-tokens-affected-d67bf08521ca
 */
interface EIP20NonStandardInterface {

    /**
     * @notice Get the total number of tokens in circulation
     * @return The supply of tokens
     */
    function totalSupply() external view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @notice Gets the balance of the specified address
     * @param owner The address from which the balance will be retrieved
     * @return The balance
     */
    function balanceOf(address owner) external view returns (uint256 balance);

    ///
    /// !!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    /// !!! NOTICE !!! `transfer` does not return a value, in violation of the ERC-20 specification
    /// !!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    ///

    /**
      * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `msg.sender` to `dst`
      * @param dst The address of the destination account
      * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
      */
    function transfer(address dst, uint256 amount) external;

    ///
    /// !!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    /// !!! NOTICE !!! `transferFrom` does not return a value, in violation of the ERC-20 specification
    /// !!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    ///

    /**
      * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `src` to `dst`
      * @param src The address of the source account
      * @param dst The address of the destination account
      * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
      */
    function transferFrom(address src, address dst, uint256 amount) external;

    /**
      * @notice Approve `spender` to transfer up to `amount` from `src`
      * @dev This will overwrite the approval amount for `spender`
      *  and is subject to issues noted [here](https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-20#approve)
      * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
      * @param amount The number of tokens that are approved
      * @return Whether or not the approval succeeded
      */
    function approve(address spender, uint256 amount) external returns (bool success);

    /**
      * @notice Get the current allowance from `owner` for `spender`
      * @param owner The address of the account which owns the tokens to be spent
      * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
      * @return The number of tokens allowed to be spent
      */
    function allowance(address owner, address spender) external view returns (uint256 remaining);

    event Transfer(address indexed from, address indexed to, uint256 amount);
    event Approval(address indexed owner, address indexed spender, uint256 amount);
}

File 8 of 12 : ErrorReporter.sol
pragma solidity ^0.5.16;

contract ComptrollerErrorReporter {
    enum Error {
        NO_ERROR,
        UNAUTHORIZED,
        COMPTROLLER_MISMATCH,
        INSUFFICIENT_SHORTFALL,
        INSUFFICIENT_LIQUIDITY,
        INVALID_CLOSE_FACTOR,
        INVALID_COLLATERAL_FACTOR,
        INVALID_LIQUIDATION_INCENTIVE,
        MARKET_NOT_ENTERED, // no longer possible
        MARKET_NOT_LISTED,
        MARKET_ALREADY_LISTED,
        MATH_ERROR,
        NONZERO_BORROW_BALANCE,
        PRICE_ERROR,
        REJECTION,
        SNAPSHOT_ERROR,
        TOO_MANY_ASSETS,
        TOO_MUCH_REPAY
    }

    enum FailureInfo {
        ACCEPT_ADMIN_PENDING_ADMIN_CHECK,
        ACCEPT_PENDING_IMPLEMENTATION_ADDRESS_CHECK,
        EXIT_MARKET_BALANCE_OWED,
        EXIT_MARKET_REJECTION,
        SET_CLOSE_FACTOR_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_CLOSE_FACTOR_VALIDATION,
        SET_COLLATERAL_FACTOR_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_COLLATERAL_FACTOR_NO_EXISTS,
        SET_COLLATERAL_FACTOR_VALIDATION,
        SET_COLLATERAL_FACTOR_WITHOUT_PRICE,
        SET_IMPLEMENTATION_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_LIQUIDATION_INCENTIVE_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_LIQUIDATION_INCENTIVE_VALIDATION,
        SET_MAX_ASSETS_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_PENDING_ADMIN_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_PENDING_IMPLEMENTATION_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_PRICE_ORACLE_OWNER_CHECK,
        SUPPORT_MARKET_EXISTS,
        SUPPORT_MARKET_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_PAUSE_GUARDIAN_OWNER_CHECK
    }

    /**
      * @dev `error` corresponds to enum Error; `info` corresponds to enum FailureInfo, and `detail` is an arbitrary
      * contract-specific code that enables us to report opaque error codes from upgradeable contracts.
      **/
    event Failure(uint error, uint info, uint detail);

    /**
      * @dev use this when reporting a known error from the money market or a non-upgradeable collaborator
      */
    function fail(Error err, FailureInfo info) internal returns (uint) {
        emit Failure(uint(err), uint(info), 0);

        return uint(err);
    }

    /**
      * @dev use this when reporting an opaque error from an upgradeable collaborator contract
      */
    function failOpaque(Error err, FailureInfo info, uint opaqueError) internal returns (uint) {
        emit Failure(uint(err), uint(info), opaqueError);

        return uint(err);
    }
}

contract TokenErrorReporter {
    enum Error {
        NO_ERROR,
        UNAUTHORIZED,
        BAD_INPUT,
        COMPTROLLER_REJECTION,
        COMPTROLLER_CALCULATION_ERROR,
        INTEREST_RATE_MODEL_ERROR,
        INVALID_ACCOUNT_PAIR,
        INVALID_CLOSE_AMOUNT_REQUESTED,
        INVALID_COLLATERAL_FACTOR,
        MATH_ERROR,
        MARKET_NOT_FRESH,
        MARKET_NOT_LISTED,
        TOKEN_INSUFFICIENT_ALLOWANCE,
        TOKEN_INSUFFICIENT_BALANCE,
        TOKEN_INSUFFICIENT_CASH,
        TOKEN_TRANSFER_IN_FAILED,
        TOKEN_TRANSFER_OUT_FAILED
    }

    /*
     * Note: FailureInfo (but not Error) is kept in alphabetical order
     *       This is because FailureInfo grows significantly faster, and
     *       the order of Error has some meaning, while the order of FailureInfo
     *       is entirely arbitrary.
     */
    enum FailureInfo {
        ACCEPT_ADMIN_PENDING_ADMIN_CHECK,
        ACCRUE_INTEREST_BORROW_RATE_CALCULATION_FAILED,
        BORROW_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED,
        BORROW_CASH_NOT_AVAILABLE,
        BORROW_FRESHNESS_CHECK,
        BORROW_MARKET_NOT_LISTED,
        BORROW_COMPTROLLER_REJECTION,
        LIQUIDATE_ACCRUE_BORROW_INTEREST_FAILED,
        LIQUIDATE_ACCRUE_COLLATERAL_INTEREST_FAILED,
        LIQUIDATE_COLLATERAL_FRESHNESS_CHECK,
        LIQUIDATE_COMPTROLLER_REJECTION,
        LIQUIDATE_COMPTROLLER_CALCULATE_AMOUNT_SEIZE_FAILED,
        LIQUIDATE_CLOSE_AMOUNT_IS_UINT_MAX,
        LIQUIDATE_CLOSE_AMOUNT_IS_ZERO,
        LIQUIDATE_FRESHNESS_CHECK,
        LIQUIDATE_LIQUIDATOR_IS_BORROWER,
        LIQUIDATE_REPAY_BORROW_FRESH_FAILED,
        LIQUIDATE_SEIZE_COMPTROLLER_REJECTION,
        LIQUIDATE_SEIZE_LIQUIDATOR_IS_BORROWER,
        LIQUIDATE_SEIZE_TOO_MUCH,
        MINT_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED,
        MINT_COMPTROLLER_REJECTION,
        MINT_FRESHNESS_CHECK,
        MINT_TRANSFER_IN_FAILED,
        MINT_TRANSFER_IN_NOT_POSSIBLE,
        REDEEM_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED,
        REDEEM_COMPTROLLER_REJECTION,
        REDEEM_FRESHNESS_CHECK,
        REDEEM_TRANSFER_OUT_NOT_POSSIBLE,
        REDUCE_RESERVES_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED,
        REDUCE_RESERVES_ADMIN_CHECK,
        REDUCE_RESERVES_CASH_NOT_AVAILABLE,
        REDUCE_RESERVES_FRESH_CHECK,
        REDUCE_RESERVES_VALIDATION,
        REPAY_BORROW_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED,
        REPAY_BORROW_COMPTROLLER_REJECTION,
        REPAY_BORROW_FRESHNESS_CHECK,
        REPAY_BORROW_TRANSFER_IN_NOT_POSSIBLE,
        SET_COLLATERAL_FACTOR_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_COLLATERAL_FACTOR_VALIDATION,
        SET_COMPTROLLER_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_INTEREST_RATE_MODEL_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED,
        SET_INTEREST_RATE_MODEL_FRESH_CHECK,
        SET_INTEREST_RATE_MODEL_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_MAX_ASSETS_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_ORACLE_MARKET_NOT_LISTED,
        SET_PENDING_ADMIN_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_RESERVE_FACTOR_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED,
        SET_RESERVE_FACTOR_ADMIN_CHECK,
        SET_RESERVE_FACTOR_FRESH_CHECK,
        SET_RESERVE_FACTOR_BOUNDS_CHECK,
        TRANSFER_COMPTROLLER_REJECTION,
        TRANSFER_NOT_ALLOWED,
        ADD_RESERVES_ACCRUE_INTEREST_FAILED,
        ADD_RESERVES_FRESH_CHECK,
        ADD_RESERVES_TRANSFER_IN_NOT_POSSIBLE
    }

    /**
      * @dev `error` corresponds to enum Error; `info` corresponds to enum FailureInfo, and `detail` is an arbitrary
      * contract-specific code that enables us to report opaque error codes from upgradeable contracts.
      **/
    event Failure(uint error, uint info, uint detail);

    /**
      * @dev use this when reporting a known error from the money market or a non-upgradeable collaborator
      */
    function fail(Error err, FailureInfo info) internal returns (uint) {
        emit Failure(uint(err), uint(info), 0);

        return uint(err);
    }

    /**
      * @dev use this when reporting an opaque error from an upgradeable collaborator contract
      */
    function failOpaque(Error err, FailureInfo info, uint opaqueError) internal returns (uint) {
        emit Failure(uint(err), uint(info), opaqueError);

        return uint(err);
    }
}

File 9 of 12 : Exponential.sol
pragma solidity ^0.5.16;

import "./CarefulMath.sol";

/**
 * @title Exponential module for storing fixed-precision decimals
 * @author Compound
 * @notice Exp is a struct which stores decimals with a fixed precision of 18 decimal places.
 *         Thus, if we wanted to store the 5.1, mantissa would store 5.1e18. That is:
 *         `Exp({mantissa: 5100000000000000000})`.
 */
contract Exponential is CarefulMath {
    uint constant expScale = 1e18;
    uint constant doubleScale = 1e36;
    uint constant halfExpScale = expScale/2;
    uint constant mantissaOne = expScale;

    struct Exp {
        uint mantissa;
    }

    struct Double {
        uint mantissa;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Creates an exponential from numerator and denominator values.
     *      Note: Returns an error if (`num` * 10e18) > MAX_INT,
     *            or if `denom` is zero.
     */
    function getExp(uint num, uint denom) pure internal returns (MathError, Exp memory) {
        (MathError err0, uint scaledNumerator) = mulUInt(num, expScale);
        if (err0 != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err0, Exp({mantissa: 0}));
        }

        (MathError err1, uint rational) = divUInt(scaledNumerator, denom);
        if (err1 != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err1, Exp({mantissa: 0}));
        }

        return (MathError.NO_ERROR, Exp({mantissa: rational}));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Adds two exponentials, returning a new exponential.
     */
    function addExp(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) pure internal returns (MathError, Exp memory) {
        (MathError error, uint result) = addUInt(a.mantissa, b.mantissa);

        return (error, Exp({mantissa: result}));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Subtracts two exponentials, returning a new exponential.
     */
    function subExp(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) pure internal returns (MathError, Exp memory) {
        (MathError error, uint result) = subUInt(a.mantissa, b.mantissa);

        return (error, Exp({mantissa: result}));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Multiply an Exp by a scalar, returning a new Exp.
     */
    function mulScalar(Exp memory a, uint scalar) pure internal returns (MathError, Exp memory) {
        (MathError err0, uint scaledMantissa) = mulUInt(a.mantissa, scalar);
        if (err0 != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err0, Exp({mantissa: 0}));
        }

        return (MathError.NO_ERROR, Exp({mantissa: scaledMantissa}));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Multiply an Exp by a scalar, then truncate to return an unsigned integer.
     */
    function mulScalarTruncate(Exp memory a, uint scalar) pure internal returns (MathError, uint) {
        (MathError err, Exp memory product) = mulScalar(a, scalar);
        if (err != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err, 0);
        }

        return (MathError.NO_ERROR, truncate(product));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Multiply an Exp by a scalar, truncate, then add an to an unsigned integer, returning an unsigned integer.
     */
    function mulScalarTruncateAddUInt(Exp memory a, uint scalar, uint addend) pure internal returns (MathError, uint) {
        (MathError err, Exp memory product) = mulScalar(a, scalar);
        if (err != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err, 0);
        }

        return addUInt(truncate(product), addend);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Multiply an Exp by a scalar, then truncate to return an unsigned integer.
     */
    function mul_ScalarTruncate(Exp memory a, uint scalar) pure internal returns (uint) {
        Exp memory product = mul_(a, scalar);
        return truncate(product);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Multiply an Exp by a scalar, truncate, then add an to an unsigned integer, returning an unsigned integer.
     */
    function mul_ScalarTruncateAddUInt(Exp memory a, uint scalar, uint addend) pure internal returns (uint) {
        Exp memory product = mul_(a, scalar);
        return add_(truncate(product), addend);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Divide an Exp by a scalar, returning a new Exp.
     */
    function divScalar(Exp memory a, uint scalar) pure internal returns (MathError, Exp memory) {
        (MathError err0, uint descaledMantissa) = divUInt(a.mantissa, scalar);
        if (err0 != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err0, Exp({mantissa: 0}));
        }

        return (MathError.NO_ERROR, Exp({mantissa: descaledMantissa}));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Divide a scalar by an Exp, returning a new Exp.
     */
    function divScalarByExp(uint scalar, Exp memory divisor) pure internal returns (MathError, Exp memory) {
        /*
          We are doing this as:
          getExp(mulUInt(expScale, scalar), divisor.mantissa)

          How it works:
          Exp = a / b;
          Scalar = s;
          `s / (a / b)` = `b * s / a` and since for an Exp `a = mantissa, b = expScale`
        */
        (MathError err0, uint numerator) = mulUInt(expScale, scalar);
        if (err0 != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err0, Exp({mantissa: 0}));
        }
        return getExp(numerator, divisor.mantissa);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Divide a scalar by an Exp, then truncate to return an unsigned integer.
     */
    function divScalarByExpTruncate(uint scalar, Exp memory divisor) pure internal returns (MathError, uint) {
        (MathError err, Exp memory fraction) = divScalarByExp(scalar, divisor);
        if (err != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err, 0);
        }

        return (MathError.NO_ERROR, truncate(fraction));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Divide a scalar by an Exp, returning a new Exp.
     */
    function div_ScalarByExp(uint scalar, Exp memory divisor) pure internal returns (Exp memory) {
        /*
          We are doing this as:
          getExp(mulUInt(expScale, scalar), divisor.mantissa)

          How it works:
          Exp = a / b;
          Scalar = s;
          `s / (a / b)` = `b * s / a` and since for an Exp `a = mantissa, b = expScale`
        */
        uint numerator = mul_(expScale, scalar);
        return Exp({mantissa: div_(numerator, divisor)});
    }

    /**
     * @dev Divide a scalar by an Exp, then truncate to return an unsigned integer.
     */
    function div_ScalarByExpTruncate(uint scalar, Exp memory divisor) pure internal returns (uint) {
        Exp memory fraction = div_ScalarByExp(scalar, divisor);
        return truncate(fraction);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Multiplies two exponentials, returning a new exponential.
     */
    function mulExp(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) pure internal returns (MathError, Exp memory) {

        (MathError err0, uint doubleScaledProduct) = mulUInt(a.mantissa, b.mantissa);
        if (err0 != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err0, Exp({mantissa: 0}));
        }

        // We add half the scale before dividing so that we get rounding instead of truncation.
        //  See "Listing 6" and text above it at https://accu.org/index.php/journals/1717
        // Without this change, a result like 6.6...e-19 will be truncated to 0 instead of being rounded to 1e-18.
        (MathError err1, uint doubleScaledProductWithHalfScale) = addUInt(halfExpScale, doubleScaledProduct);
        if (err1 != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err1, Exp({mantissa: 0}));
        }

        (MathError err2, uint product) = divUInt(doubleScaledProductWithHalfScale, expScale);
        // The only error `div` can return is MathError.DIVISION_BY_ZERO but we control `expScale` and it is not zero.
        assert(err2 == MathError.NO_ERROR);

        return (MathError.NO_ERROR, Exp({mantissa: product}));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Multiplies two exponentials given their mantissas, returning a new exponential.
     */
    function mulExp(uint a, uint b) pure internal returns (MathError, Exp memory) {
        return mulExp(Exp({mantissa: a}), Exp({mantissa: b}));
    }

    /**
     * @dev Multiplies three exponentials, returning a new exponential.
     */
    function mulExp3(Exp memory a, Exp memory b, Exp memory c) pure internal returns (MathError, Exp memory) {
        (MathError err, Exp memory ab) = mulExp(a, b);
        if (err != MathError.NO_ERROR) {
            return (err, ab);
        }
        return mulExp(ab, c);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Divides two exponentials, returning a new exponential.
     *     (a/scale) / (b/scale) = (a/scale) * (scale/b) = a/b,
     *  which we can scale as an Exp by calling getExp(a.mantissa, b.mantissa)
     */
    function divExp(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) pure internal returns (MathError, Exp memory) {
        return getExp(a.mantissa, b.mantissa);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Truncates the given exp to a whole number value.
     *      For example, truncate(Exp{mantissa: 15 * expScale}) = 15
     */
    function truncate(Exp memory exp) pure internal returns (uint) {
        // Note: We are not using careful math here as we're performing a division that cannot fail
        return exp.mantissa / expScale;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Checks if first Exp is less than second Exp.
     */
    function lessThanExp(Exp memory left, Exp memory right) pure internal returns (bool) {
        return left.mantissa < right.mantissa;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Checks if left Exp <= right Exp.
     */
    function lessThanOrEqualExp(Exp memory left, Exp memory right) pure internal returns (bool) {
        return left.mantissa <= right.mantissa;
    }

    /**
     * @dev returns true if Exp is exactly zero
     */
    function isZeroExp(Exp memory value) pure internal returns (bool) {
        return value.mantissa == 0;
    }

    function safe224(uint n, string memory errorMessage) pure internal returns (uint224) {
        require(n < 2**224, errorMessage);
        return uint224(n);
    }

    function safe32(uint n, string memory errorMessage) pure internal returns (uint32) {
        require(n < 2**32, errorMessage);
        return uint32(n);
    }

    function add_(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) pure internal returns (Exp memory) {
        return Exp({mantissa: add_(a.mantissa, b.mantissa)});
    }

    function add_(Double memory a, Double memory b) pure internal returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: add_(a.mantissa, b.mantissa)});
    }

    function add_(uint a, uint b) pure internal returns (uint) {
        return add_(a, b, "addition overflow");
    }

    function add_(uint a, uint b, string memory errorMessage) pure internal returns (uint) {
        uint c = a + b;
        require(c >= a, errorMessage);
        return c;
    }

    function sub_(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) pure internal returns (Exp memory) {
        return Exp({mantissa: sub_(a.mantissa, b.mantissa)});
    }

    function sub_(Double memory a, Double memory b) pure internal returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: sub_(a.mantissa, b.mantissa)});
    }

    function sub_(uint a, uint b) pure internal returns (uint) {
        return sub_(a, b, "subtraction underflow");
    }

    function sub_(uint a, uint b, string memory errorMessage) pure internal returns (uint) {
        require(b <= a, errorMessage);
        return a - b;
    }

    function mul_(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) pure internal returns (Exp memory) {
        return Exp({mantissa: mul_(a.mantissa, b.mantissa) / expScale});
    }

    function mul_(Exp memory a, uint b) pure internal returns (Exp memory) {
        return Exp({mantissa: mul_(a.mantissa, b)});
    }

    function mul_(uint a, Exp memory b) pure internal returns (uint) {
        return mul_(a, b.mantissa) / expScale;
    }

    function mul_(Double memory a, Double memory b) pure internal returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: mul_(a.mantissa, b.mantissa) / doubleScale});
    }

    function mul_(Double memory a, uint b) pure internal returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: mul_(a.mantissa, b)});
    }

    function mul_(uint a, Double memory b) pure internal returns (uint) {
        return mul_(a, b.mantissa) / doubleScale;
    }

    function mul_(uint a, uint b) pure internal returns (uint) {
        return mul_(a, b, "multiplication overflow");
    }

    function mul_(uint a, uint b, string memory errorMessage) pure internal returns (uint) {
        if (a == 0 || b == 0) {
            return 0;
        }
        uint c = a * b;
        require(c / a == b, errorMessage);
        return c;
    }

    function div_(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) pure internal returns (Exp memory) {
        return Exp({mantissa: div_(mul_(a.mantissa, expScale), b.mantissa)});
    }

    function div_(Exp memory a, uint b) pure internal returns (Exp memory) {
        return Exp({mantissa: div_(a.mantissa, b)});
    }

    function div_(uint a, Exp memory b) pure internal returns (uint) {
        return div_(mul_(a, expScale), b.mantissa);
    }

    function div_(Double memory a, Double memory b) pure internal returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: div_(mul_(a.mantissa, doubleScale), b.mantissa)});
    }

    function div_(Double memory a, uint b) pure internal returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: div_(a.mantissa, b)});
    }

    function div_(uint a, Double memory b) pure internal returns (uint) {
        return div_(mul_(a, doubleScale), b.mantissa);
    }

    function div_(uint a, uint b) pure internal returns (uint) {
        return div_(a, b, "divide by zero");
    }

    function div_(uint a, uint b, string memory errorMessage) pure internal returns (uint) {
        require(b > 0, errorMessage);
        return a / b;
    }

    function fraction(uint a, uint b) pure internal returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: div_(mul_(a, doubleScale), b)});
    }

    // implementation from https://github.com/Uniswap/uniswap-lib/commit/99f3f28770640ba1bb1ff460ac7c5292fb8291a0
    // original implementation: https://github.com/abdk-consulting/abdk-libraries-solidity/blob/master/ABDKMath64x64.sol#L687
    function sqrt(uint x) pure internal returns (uint) {
        if (x == 0) return 0;
        uint xx = x;
        uint r = 1;

        if (xx >= 0x100000000000000000000000000000000) {
            xx >>= 128;
            r <<= 64;
        }
        if (xx >= 0x10000000000000000) {
            xx >>= 64;
            r <<= 32;
        }
        if (xx >= 0x100000000) {
            xx >>= 32;
            r <<= 16;
        }
        if (xx >= 0x10000) {
            xx >>= 16;
            r <<= 8;
        }
        if (xx >= 0x100) {
            xx >>= 8;
            r <<= 4;
        }
        if (xx >= 0x10) {
            xx >>= 4;
            r <<= 2;
        }
        if (xx >= 0x8) {
            r <<= 1;
        }

        r = (r + x / r) >> 1;
        r = (r + x / r) >> 1;
        r = (r + x / r) >> 1;
        r = (r + x / r) >> 1;
        r = (r + x / r) >> 1;
        r = (r + x / r) >> 1;
        r = (r + x / r) >> 1; // Seven iterations should be enough
        uint r1 = x / r;
        return (r < r1 ? r : r1);
    }
}

File 10 of 12 : InterestRateModel.sol
pragma solidity ^0.5.16;

/**
  * @title Compound's InterestRateModel Interface
  * @author Compound
  */
contract InterestRateModel {
    /// @notice Indicator that this is an InterestRateModel contract (for inspection)
    bool public constant isInterestRateModel = true;

    /**
      * @notice Calculates the current borrow interest rate per block
      * @param cash The total amount of cash the market has
      * @param borrows The total amount of borrows the market has outstanding
      * @param reserves The total amnount of reserves the market has
      * @return The borrow rate per block (as a percentage, and scaled by 1e18)
      */
    function getBorrowRate(uint cash, uint borrows, uint reserves) external view returns (uint);

    /**
      * @notice Calculates the current supply interest rate per block
      * @param cash The total amount of cash the market has
      * @param borrows The total amount of borrows the market has outstanding
      * @param reserves The total amnount of reserves the market has
      * @param reserveFactorMantissa The current reserve factor the market has
      * @return The supply rate per block (as a percentage, and scaled by 1e18)
      */
    function getSupplyRate(uint cash, uint borrows, uint reserves, uint reserveFactorMantissa) external view returns (uint);

}

File 11 of 12 : PriceOracle.sol
pragma solidity ^0.5.16;

import "./CToken.sol";

contract PriceOracle {
    /**
      * @notice Get the underlying price of a cToken asset
      * @param cToken The cToken to get the underlying price of
      * @return The underlying asset price mantissa (scaled by 1e18).
      *  Zero means the price is unavailable.
      */
    function getUnderlyingPrice(CToken cToken) external view returns (uint);
}

File 12 of 12 : Unitroller.sol
pragma solidity ^0.5.16;

import "./ErrorReporter.sol";
import "./ComptrollerStorage.sol";
/**
 * @title ComptrollerCore
 * @dev Storage for the comptroller is at this address, while execution is delegated to the `comptrollerImplementation`.
 * CTokens should reference this contract as their comptroller.
 */
contract Unitroller is UnitrollerAdminStorage, ComptrollerErrorReporter {

    /**
      * @notice Emitted when pendingComptrollerImplementation is changed
      */
    event NewPendingImplementation(address oldPendingImplementation, address newPendingImplementation);

    /**
      * @notice Emitted when pendingComptrollerImplementation is accepted, which means comptroller implementation is updated
      */
    event NewImplementation(address oldImplementation, address newImplementation);

    /**
      * @notice Emitted when pendingAdmin is changed
      */
    event NewPendingAdmin(address oldPendingAdmin, address newPendingAdmin);

    /**
      * @notice Emitted when pendingAdmin is accepted, which means admin is updated
      */
    event NewAdmin(address oldAdmin, address newAdmin);

    constructor() public {
        // Set admin to caller
        admin = msg.sender;
    }

    /*** Admin Functions ***/
    function _setPendingImplementation(address newPendingImplementation) public returns (uint) {

        if (msg.sender != admin) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.SET_PENDING_IMPLEMENTATION_OWNER_CHECK);
        }

        address oldPendingImplementation = pendingComptrollerImplementation;

        pendingComptrollerImplementation = newPendingImplementation;

        emit NewPendingImplementation(oldPendingImplementation, pendingComptrollerImplementation);

        return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
    * @notice Accepts new implementation of comptroller. msg.sender must be pendingImplementation
    * @dev Admin function for new implementation to accept it's role as implementation
    * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
    */
    function _acceptImplementation() public returns (uint) {
        // Check caller is pendingImplementation and pendingImplementation ≠ address(0)
        if (msg.sender != pendingComptrollerImplementation || pendingComptrollerImplementation == address(0)) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.ACCEPT_PENDING_IMPLEMENTATION_ADDRESS_CHECK);
        }

        // Save current values for inclusion in log
        address oldImplementation = comptrollerImplementation;
        address oldPendingImplementation = pendingComptrollerImplementation;

        comptrollerImplementation = pendingComptrollerImplementation;

        pendingComptrollerImplementation = address(0);

        emit NewImplementation(oldImplementation, comptrollerImplementation);
        emit NewPendingImplementation(oldPendingImplementation, pendingComptrollerImplementation);

        return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }


    /**
      * @notice Begins transfer of admin rights. The newPendingAdmin must call `_acceptAdmin` to finalize the transfer.
      * @dev Admin function to begin change of admin. The newPendingAdmin must call `_acceptAdmin` to finalize the transfer.
      * @param newPendingAdmin New pending admin.
      * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
      */
    function _setPendingAdmin(address newPendingAdmin) public returns (uint) {
        // Check caller = admin
        if (msg.sender != admin) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.SET_PENDING_ADMIN_OWNER_CHECK);
        }

        // Save current value, if any, for inclusion in log
        address oldPendingAdmin = pendingAdmin;

        // Store pendingAdmin with value newPendingAdmin
        pendingAdmin = newPendingAdmin;

        // Emit NewPendingAdmin(oldPendingAdmin, newPendingAdmin)
        emit NewPendingAdmin(oldPendingAdmin, newPendingAdmin);

        return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
      * @notice Accepts transfer of admin rights. msg.sender must be pendingAdmin
      * @dev Admin function for pending admin to accept role and update admin
      * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
      */
    function _acceptAdmin() public returns (uint) {
        // Check caller is pendingAdmin and pendingAdmin ≠ address(0)
        if (msg.sender != pendingAdmin || msg.sender == address(0)) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.ACCEPT_ADMIN_PENDING_ADMIN_CHECK);
        }

        // Save current values for inclusion in log
        address oldAdmin = admin;
        address oldPendingAdmin = pendingAdmin;

        // Store admin with value pendingAdmin
        admin = pendingAdmin;

        // Clear the pending value
        pendingAdmin = address(0);

        emit NewAdmin(oldAdmin, admin);
        emit NewPendingAdmin(oldPendingAdmin, pendingAdmin);

        return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Delegates execution to an implementation contract.
     * It returns to the external caller whatever the implementation returns
     * or forwards reverts.
     */
    function () payable external {
        // delegate all other functions to current implementation
        (bool success, ) = comptrollerImplementation.delegatecall(msg.data);

        assembly {
              let free_mem_ptr := mload(0x40)
              returndatacopy(free_mem_ptr, 0, returndatasize)

              switch success
              case 0 { revert(free_mem_ptr, returndatasize) }
              default { return(free_mem_ptr, returndatasize) }
        }
    }
}

Settings
{
  "evmVersion": "istanbul",
  "libraries": {},
  "metadata": {
    "useLiteralContent": true
  },
  "optimizer": {
    "enabled": true,
    "runs": 200
  },
  "remappings": [],
  "outputSelection": {
    "*": {
      "*": [
        "evm.bytecode",
        "evm.deployedBytecode",
        "abi"
      ]
    }
  }
}

Contract ABI

[{"inputs":[],"payable":false,"stateMutability":"nonpayable","type":"constructor"},{"anonymous":false,"inputs":[{"indexed":false,"internalType":"uint256","name":"error","type":"uint256"},{"indexed":false,"internalType":"uint256","name":"info","type":"uint256"},{"indexed":false,"internalType":"uint256","name":"detail","type":"uint256"}],"name":"Failure","type":"event"},{"anonymous":false,"inputs":[{"indexed":false,"internalType":"address","name":"oldAdmin","type":"address"},{"indexed":false,"internalType":"address","name":"newAdmin","type":"address"}],"name":"NewAdmin","type":"event"},{"anonymous":false,"inputs":[{"indexed":false,"internalType":"address","name":"oldImplementation","type":"address"},{"indexed":false,"internalType":"address","name":"newImplementation","type":"address"}],"name":"NewImplementation","type":"event"},{"anonymous":false,"inputs":[{"indexed":false,"internalType":"address","name":"oldPendingAdmin","type":"address"},{"indexed":false,"internalType":"address","name":"newPendingAdmin","type":"address"}],"name":"NewPendingAdmin","type":"event"},{"anonymous":false,"inputs":[{"indexed":false,"internalType":"address","name":"oldPendingImplementation","type":"address"},{"indexed":false,"internalType":"address","name":"newPendingImplementation","type":"address"}],"name":"NewPendingImplementation","type":"event"},{"payable":true,"stateMutability":"payable","type":"fallback"},{"constant":false,"inputs":[],"name":"_acceptAdmin","outputs":[{"internalType":"uint256","name":"","type":"uint256"}],"payable":false,"stateMutability":"nonpayable","type":"function"},{"constant":false,"inputs":[],"name":"_acceptImplementation","outputs":[{"internalType":"uint256","name":"","type":"uint256"}],"payable":false,"stateMutability":"nonpayable","type":"function"},{"constant":false,"inputs":[{"internalType":"address","name":"newPendingAdmin","type":"address"}],"name":"_setPendingAdmin","outputs":[{"internalType":"uint256","name":"","type":"uint256"}],"payable":false,"stateMutability":"nonpayable","type":"function"},{"constant":false,"inputs":[{"internalType":"address","name":"newPendingImplementation","type":"address"}],"name":"_setPendingImplementation","outputs":[{"internalType":"uint256","name":"","type":"uint256"}],"payable":false,"stateMutability":"nonpayable","type":"function"},{"constant":true,"inputs":[],"name":"admin","outputs":[{"internalType":"address","name":"","type":"address"}],"payable":false,"stateMutability":"view","type":"function"},{"constant":true,"inputs":[],"name":"comptrollerImplementation","outputs":[{"internalType":"address","name":"","type":"address"}],"payable":false,"stateMutability":"view","type":"function"},{"constant":true,"inputs":[],"name":"pendingAdmin","outputs":[{"internalType":"address","name":"","type":"address"}],"payable":false,"stateMutability":"view","type":"function"},{"constant":true,"inputs":[],"name":"pendingComptrollerImplementation","outputs":[{"internalType":"address","name":"","type":"address"}],"payable":false,"stateMutability":"view","type":"function"}]

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

Block Transaction Gas Used Reward
Age Block Fee Address BC Fee Address Voting Power Jailed Incoming
Validator ID :
0 FTM

Amount Staked
0

Amount Delegated
0

Staking Total
0

Staking Start Epoch
0

Staking Start Time
0

Proof of Importance
0

Origination Score
0

Validation Score
0

Active
0

Online
0

Downtime
0 s
Address Amount claimed Rewards Created On Epoch Created On
Block Uncle Number Difficulty Gas Used Reward
Loading
Loading
Make sure to use the "Vote Down" button for any spammy posts, and the "Vote Up" for interesting conversations.